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TPS 서비스를 위한 통합망 설계 및 구축 기술 (116 pages)
E2E Network Design and Deployment Technology for TPS (Triple Play Service)
By Netmanias (tech@netmanias.com)
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Transcript
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술

2005년12월23일
NMC Consulting Group(tech@netmanias.com)

2
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
How TPS ?
house
1107378_L1
POTS
그림15
boa
TV
PC
그림6
그림6
그림6
그림6
그림6
그림6
house
1107378_L1
POTS
dslaccessnode1-s
List-mile
access
그림15
boa
CO
Access POP
그림6
dslaccessnode1-s
CO
그림6
그림6
dslaccessnode1-s
CO
Access POP
그림6
dslaccessnode1-s
CO
Core POP
blue drum
blue server
IP-TV Headend
SGW/TGW
Public Internet
Value-addedServices
TPS Services
blue drum
blue server
VoD/ToD/N-PVRTime Shift TV
blue drum
blue server
blue drum
blue server
IP Core
Core POP
TPS Subscribers
List-mile
access
TPS Service Network Requirements
TV
PC
Service innovation to Technology Shifts to network transformation
ATM to Ethernet Migration
More Broadband (Especially in access and backhaul)
Multicast (TV & Radio Broadcast)
QoS for TPS
Security (spoofing, spamming, content theft, and other types of
hacks
High Availability Requirement of IPTV and VOIP
Ease of Operation and Troubleshooting
Subscriber/Service Identification and Accountability
Network Capacity Dimensioning
Plug and Play (DHCP)
TPS Network (Per-Service Revenue Network)
Minimize CAPEX and OPEX

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Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
TPS Network: Technical Requirements
house
End-to-end QoS (Packet loss, Delay, Jitter,…)
L2 Access Network (ATM PVC, Service VLAN)
L3 Core Network (IP/MPLS)
ATM QoS, Ethernet QoS (802.1p)
DiffServ, MPLS (E-LSP)
Multicast for IP-TV
L2 Multicast (IGMP)
L3 Multicast (PIM-SM)
Fast Channel Zapping
PIM Rendezvous Point
Static Join
Ethernet (RTSP)
Fast Recovery
L3 IP Re-convergence/MPLS FRR
High availability
(Non-Stop Forwarding, Graceful Restart)
Security
Open PVC,
DHCP Filter,
Hair-Pin, L2 Security
Broadcast handling
Open Gate, Secure ARP
Private VLAN
그림6
그림6
그림6
그림6
그림6
그림6
1107378_L1
STB
POTS
dslaccessnode1-s
TPSRG
ADSL2+
DSLAM
BRAS
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
CO
Access POP
그림10 copy
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
CR
CR
DS
Core POP
blue drum
blue server
TPS Services
Public Internet
TPS Services
CR
CR
IP Core
Core POP
TPS Home
7450_blue
7450_blue
7450_blue
Authentication (Subscriber, Service)
Packet Forwarding
DHCP Client
Option82
DHCP Relay
DHCP Server
PPPoE Client
PPPoE Server
RADIUS Server

4
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
통방융합서비스를위한통합망설계및구축
Broadband Home
TPS Service
TPS Service Delivery Network

5
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
통방융합서비스망구조(From Headend to Home)
Access
Back-haul
TPS Service
Delivery Network
TPS Service
.WT-101: Single BNG
.BellSouth
.KT ?
TPS
Home
PublicInternet
Access
Back-haul
TPS Service
.WT-101: Dual BNG
.SBC
.KT ?
TPS
Home
Edge
(BRAS)
Public
Internet
TPS Service
Delivery Network
Edge
(BRAS)
Single BNG
Dual BNG
Centralizes Policy Enforcement
(모든TPS 서비스를중앙집중적제어및관리)
Centralized QoS control
(Hierarchical Scheduling)
BRAS 성능문제, 고가
확장성문제(10GbE down link)
서비스별Service Edge Router 구성
Distributed Policy Enforcement
(아래의BSA에서, Service별SER에서)
구축비용젃감
확장성용이(10GbE down link)

6
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Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
예) Juniper

7
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
예) Juniper

8
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
기존사업자: Migration to TPS Network
Legacy IP Infra
Access
Back-haul
Edge
Core
TPS Service Delivery Network
TPS Service
Public
Internet
Legacy IP Infra
Access
Back-haul
Edge
Core
TPS Service
Delivery
Network
TPS Service
Public
Internet
Telefonica
COVAD
TR-59:Single BNG
KT?
Broadband
Home
TPS
Home
Access
Broadband
Home
TPS
Home

9
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
기존사업자: Migration to TPS Network
Broadband Home
Legacy IP Infra
Access
Bach-haul
Edge
Core
TPS Service
Delivery
Network
TPS Service
Public
Internet
TR-59: Dual BNG
KT?
Legacy IP Infra
Access
Bach-haul
Edge
Core
TPS Service
Delivery
Network
TPS Service
Public
Internet
SBC, BellSouth
KT?
Broadband Home
Broadband Home

10
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Backhaul Network 구조
.L2 or L3 ?
.L2 Ethernet Backhaul
.1. VLAN으로User Isolation, Hair-pin 방지, Service Separation, QoS
.2. 저가
.L2 Ethernet Backhaul Issues
.Subscriber Separation: BRAS 하단에서가입자갂L2 통싞을막아야한다.
.왜: 세대갂보안, P2P 제어, 과금, 하향BW 제어를위해BRAS를경유해야함.
.어떻게: Private VLAN, 1:1 VLAN, MAC forced forwarding
.Subscriber Traceability: 가입자의시설정보를알수있어야한다.
.왜: Traceability,
.어떻게: 1:1 VLAN, DHCP Option82
.Service Separation: Service별로서로다른VLAN을할당
.왜: Service Farm Security
.어떻게: Service VLAN (N:1 VLAN)
.Service Prioritization: Eackhaul 구갂에서QoS 제공
.왜: L2 구갂에서Congestion 발생
.어떻게: 802.1p
.Multicast

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Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
VLAN Architecture
.Ethernet Back-haul망에서VLAN의활용
.1:1 VLAN
.N:1 VLAN

12
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Traditional ATM Backhaul
ATM Backhaul
Modem
BRAS
DSLAM
ATM SW
IP Network
Modem
Modem
DSLAM
Modem
1 PVC per Subscriber
blue drum
Radius Server
NAS-Port-Id: “[Relay-identifier] atm 3/0:100.33” .slot = 3, port = 0, vpi = 100, vci = 33
ATM PVC
PPP
Radius
.The identification of the ATM PVC is enough to figure out the DSL line.
.ATM VC and PPP are terminated on the BRAS, which acts as a Radius client
.BRAS inserts a Nas-Port-Id (or Nas-Port) in the Radius requests
.This enables DSL line identification for critical processes like port-based authentication as well as troubleshooting (via Radius logs).
.BRAS creates host route for client IP address

13
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
IP Network
blue drum
DHCP Server
1:1 VLAN (802.1Q Per-Subscriber VLAN)
802.1Q Per-Customer VLAN (DSLAM의가입자Port와VLAN을1:1로매핑함)
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
RG
DSLAM
RG
.Subscriber Separation: Per-Subscriber VLAN (802.1Q)
.Subscriber Traceability: Per-Subscriber VLAN (Radius Server Log)
.Service Separation: 없음
.Service Prioritization: 802.1p
1 PVC per Subscriber
One C-VLAN per subscriber
Circuit-Id: [Relay-identifier] VLAN 1001
VLAN 1001
VLAN 1002
VLAN 1003
VLAN 1004
X
X
X

14
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
IP Network
blue drum
DHCP Server
1:1 VLAN (802.1Q Per-Subscriber VLAN)
802.1Q Per-subscriber VLAN: 문제점
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
RG
DSLAM
RG
.VLAN ID 확장성문제: 4096 VLAN ID Space
.VLAN Configuration overhead: DSLAM마다, Ethernet SW마다서로다른VLAN을설정해주어야함. 설정도문제이고관리도문제임.
1 PVC per Subscriber
VLAN 1
VLAN 3801
VLAN 100
VLAN 4000

15
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
IP Network
blue drum
DHCP Server
1:1 VLAN (Stacked VLAN)
1:1 VLAN / Stacked VLAN
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
RG
DSLAM
RG
.Stacked VLAN을사용: C-VLAN (Inner tag), S-VLAN (Outer tag)
.두개의VLAN tag를사용하면16M개의회선구분가능함. .VLAN Space문제해결
.S-VLAN은DSLAM 또는L2 SW가Tagging
.L2 SW는S-Tag맊보고스위칭.L2 SW configuration 최소화, 동일화
.Ethernet Backhaul망에서C-Tag/S-Tag Pair는Unique해야함.
.BRAS까지가입자회선정보가유지됨.
1 PVC per Subscriber
VLAN 1
VLAN 1
VLAN 100
VLAN 100
S-VIS 1
S-VIS 2
.Subscriber Separation: Stacked VLAN
.Subscriber Traceability: Stacked VLAN (DHCP Server log)
.Service Prioritization: 802.1p

16
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
1:1 VLAN에서Service Prioritization
1 PVC per Subscriber
.1p
.1p
.1p
.1p
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
C-VID 1
S-VID 1
RG
videophone
1107378_L1
.1p
.1p
RG
videophone
1107378_L1
C-VID 100
port 1
port 100
.1p
.1p
.1p
.1p
.1p
.1p
.1p
.1p
Ethernet Backhaul 장비의Queueing
RG 또는단말이802.1p bit를Marking함

17
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
1:1 VLAN에서Service Prioritization
Multi-PVC
.1p
.1p
.1p
.1p
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
C-VID 1
S-VID 1
RG
videophone
1107378_L1
RG
videophone
1107378_L1
C-VID 100
port 1
port 100
.1p
.1p
.1p
.1p
.1p
.1p
Ethernet Backhaul 장비의Queueing
RG가서로다른PVC로젂달
PVC1: Service1
PVC2: Service2
PVC1: Service1
PVC2: Service2

18
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
N:1 VLAN
N개의Port를하나의VLAN (Uplink)으로매핑
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
RG
DSLAM
RG
S-VID 1
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
S-VID 1 (Internet Service)
S-VID 2 (VoIP Service)
1
N
1
RG
DSLAM
RG
S-VID 100
예1) 동일DSLAM에연결된모든가입자트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑
예2) 동일DSLAM에연결된모든가입자의동일서비스트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑(Service VLAN)

19
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
N:1 VLAN
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
RG
DSLAM
RG
S-VID 1
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
S-VID 1 (Internet Service)
S-VID 2 (VoIP Service)
RG
DSLAM
RG
예3) 모든DSLAM에연결된모든가입자트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑
예4) 모든DSLAM에연결된모든가입자의동일서비스트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑(Service VLAN)

20
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
N:1 VLAN
RG 1
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG 100
S-VID 1
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
S-VID 1 (Internet Service)
S-VID 2 (VoIP Service)
S-VID 100
예5) 동일DSLAM에연결된모든가입자트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑
예6) 동일DSLAM에연결된모든가입자의동일서비스트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑(Service VLAN)
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
RG
DSLAM
RG
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
RG 1
DSLAM
RG 100
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP

21
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
N:1 VLAN
BRAS
Eth SW
S-VID 1
BRAS
Eth SW
S-VID 1 (Internet Service)
S-VID 2 (VoIP Service)
예7) 모든DSLAM에연결된모든가입자트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑
예8) 모든DSLAM에연결된모든가입자의동일서비스트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑(Service VLAN)
RG 1
DSLAM
RG 100
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
RG 1
DSLAM
RG 100
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
RG
DSLAM
RG
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
RG
DSLAM
RG
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
VT Case

22
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
N:1 VLAN의문제
N:1 VLAN에서는1:1 VLAN의Subscriber Separation과Traceability 능력을상실함.
#NAME?
-Traceability 확보방안: DSLAM에서Option 82
RG1
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
RG
DSLAM
RG
S-VID 1
가입자1 (RG1)에게210.10.10.10을할당해주었는데이가입자의시설정보를BRAS에서모름
210.10.10.10
DSLAM 1에연결된가입자라는것맊알수있음
BRAS를통과하지않고도BRAS하단가입자갂의IP 통싞이가능함(제어, 과금문제발생)
RG 1
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG 100
S-VID 1 (Internet Service)
S-VID 2 (VoIP Service)
RG 200
DSLAM
RG 101

23
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
DHCP Option82
IP Network
blue drum
DHCP Server
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
RG
DSLAM
RG
DHCP Discover
DHCP Discover
(DSLAM x, Port y)
DHCP Discover
(Port ID)

24
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
N:1 VLAN 정리
N:1 VLAN
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
RG
DSLAM
RG
S-VID 1
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
S-VID 1 (Internet Service)
S-VID 2 (VoIP Service)
.1p
.1p
RG
DSLAM
RG
S-VID 100
예1) 동일DSLAM에연결된모든가입자트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑
예2) 동일DSLAM에연결된모든가입자의동일서비스트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑(Service VLAN)
.Subscriber Separation: Private VLAN(D), 802.1Q(S)
.Subscriber Traceability: Option82
.L2 Service Separation: 없음
.Service Prioritization: 802.1p (D,S)
.Subscriber Separation: Private VLAN(D), 802.1Q(S)
.Subscriber Traceability: Option82
.L2 Service Separation: 802.1Q
.Service Prioritization: 802.1p (D,S)
.1p
.1p

25
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
N:1 VLAN 정리
N:1 VLAN
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
RG
DSLAM
RG
S-VID 1
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
S-VID 1 (Internet Service)
S-VID 2 (VoIP Service)
RG
DSLAM
RG
예3) 모든DSLAM에연결된모든가입자트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑
예4) 모든DSLAM에연결된모든가입자의동일서비스트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑(Service VLAN)
.Subscriber Separation: Private VLAN(D,S)
.Subscriber Traceability: Option82
.L2 Service Separation: 없음
.Service Prioritization: 802.1p (D,S)
.Subscriber Separation: Private VLAN (D,S)
.Subscriber Traceability: Option82
.L2 Service Separation: 802.1Q
.Service Prioritization: 802.1p (D,S)
.1p
.1p
.1p
.1p
BellSouth Case

26
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
N:1 VLAN 정리
N:1 VLAN
RG 1
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG 100
S-VID 1
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
S-VID 1 (Internet Service)
S-VID 2 (VoIP Service)
S-VID 100
예5) 동일DSLAM에연결된모든가입자트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑
예6) 동일DSLAM에연결된모든가입자의동일서비스트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑(Service VLAN)
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
RG
DSLAM
RG
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
RG 1
DSLAM
RG 100
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
.Subscriber Separation: Private VLAN(D), 802.1Q(S)
.Subscriber Traceability: Option82
.L2 Service Separation: 없음
.Service Prioritization: ATM PVC(D), 802.1p(S)
.Subscriber Separation: Private VLAN(D), 802.1Q(S)
.Subscriber Traceability: Option82
.L2 Service Separation: 802.1Q
.Service Prioritization: ATM PVC(D), 802.1p(S)

27
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
N:1 VLAN 정리
N:1 VLAN
BRAS
Eth SW
S-VID 1
BRAS
Eth SW
S-VID 1 (Internet Service)
S-VID 2 (VoIP Service)
예7) 모든DSLAM에연결된모든가입자트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑
예8) 모든DSLAM에연결된모든가입자의동일서비스트래픽을하나의VLAN으로매핑(Service VLAN)
RG 1
DSLAM
RG 100
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
RG 1
DSLAM
RG 100
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
RG
DSLAM
RG
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
RG
DSLAM
RG
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
pvc1: Internet
pvc2: VoIP
VT Case
.Subscriber Separation: Private VLAN(D, S)
.Subscriber Traceability: Option82
.L2 Service Separation: 없음
.Service Prioritization: ATM PVC(D), 802.1p(S)
.Subscriber Separation: Private VLAN (D,S)
.Subscriber Traceability: Option82
.L2 Service Separation: 802.1Q
.Service Prioritization: ATM PVC(D), 802.1p(S)

28
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Core Issues
.IP 기반
.OXC 전송망기반

29
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
KT IP-TV Service
alpine3808
BRAS (SER)
IMS
N-SW
VDSL(L2)
4xG
12xG
PBR (srcIP)
100M/200M
L3 SW
그림5 copy
그림5 copy
1107378_L1
videophone
2Wire_HomePortal_1100_Residential_Gateway_Routers_and_Bridges-resized200
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
그림5 copy
1G
1G
HOME
RG
Shared IP Access Network
.IMS: IP Media Switch
.SER: Service Edge Router
.RG: Residential Gateway
Static Join
(All channels)
혜화
L2SW
Encoder
그림9
그림9
PE
PE
PE
PE
PE
ICM
ICM
L4SW
EPG, M/WServers
Headend (혜화)
RP
RP
Anycast RP
H.264SD: 2MbpsHD: 6~8Mbps
PE
GW Router
Premium IP core
(IP/MPLS)
PE
BE IP Core(KORNET)
10G
4xG
4xG
GSR
gx250
그림10 copy
IGMPv2
PIM
그림4 copy
그림4 copy
그림4 copy
Public Internet
KIX
KT IDC
(혜화)
KT IDC
(구로)
혜화
구로
10G
10G
10G
10G
10G
STB
.Premium 단말(STB)는Premium IP address를DHCP로할당받음
.PC는Kornet IP address를DHCP로할당받음.
.미리Premium 단말의MAC을DHCP server에설정
.Traffic 분리: N-SW에서PBR (srcIP기반)
.Anycast RP
.L3 Switch: PIM Static Join  (Join Time을줄이기위해)
.STB: IGMP Join
.STB 인증: 접속인증(DHCP), 서비스인증(M/W server)
.IMS 도입이유: IP-TV 서비스는2005하반기서울부터개시. SER은2005년내서울도입의문. SER 트래픽부하(인터넷)  

30
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
End-to-end IP Multicast 구조: OXC 전송망
s
s
s
s
Headend
대전
s
s
s
s
Drop and Continue
Drop and Continue
Drop and
Continue
s
s
s
s
s
s
혜화
s
s
s
s
s
s
L2SW
Encoder
그림9
그림9
IMS
gx250
alpine3808
그림4 copy
그림5 copy
N-SW
L3
VDSL
그림15
boa
그림11 copy
STB
RP
gx250
alpine3808
그림4 copy
그림5 copy
N-SW
L3
VDSL
그림15
boa
그림11 copy
STB
IGMP (*,G) Join
gx250
gx250
IMS
gx250
alpine3808
그림4 copy
그림5 copy
N-SW
L3
VDSL
그림15
boa
그림11 copy
STB
RP
Encoder
그림9
이구조와등가임
IMS/SER
IMS/SER
PIM (*,G) Join
Multicast Stream
Static Join
IMS
RP
OXC 젂송망에서모든SER/IMS로Broadcast
Broadcast
GE
GE

31
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
OXC망에서Multi-Ring 기반전달구조
apartment
그림9
Headend
대젂
(1) OXC Mesh Network (10Gbps@each link)망을구축
(2) Virtual Ring (1Gbps@each link)망을Configuration
apartment
그림9
Headend
(3) Multi-Ring Network만보면됨.
구봉
대젂
구봉
홍성

32
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
G.842-SNCP Ring Interworking Architecture
T1524460-96SNC protection ringSNC protection ringPath selector6.2.3Ring interworking with an SNCP ring6.2.3.1ArchitectureFigure 17 shows the architecture of SNCP ring interworking. For each direction of transmission, the signal is dual-fed from the source node around both sides of the ring. When each of the dual-fed signals hits an interconnection node, it is dropped at that node and continued onto the other interconnection node using the drop-and-continue feature. Thus, each interconnection node can select from two signals sent on a different way around the ring. The output of the selector in each interconnection node is then transmitted to the second ring. Each of the interconnection nodes in the second ring takes its respective signal and transmits it towards the sink node, away from the other interconnection node. Finally, the sink node makes the selection between the two signals from the two directions around the ring.
G.842 Figure 17/G.842-SNCP Ring Interworking Architecture

33
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
모든Edge OXC에“Drop and Continue” 적용
apartment
그림9
Headend
대젂
s
s
apartment
그림9
Headend
대젂
s
s
s
s
s
s
G.842 Figure 17/G.842-SNCP Ring Interworking Architecture
Drop
Continue
Drop
Selector
Drop and Continue
Drop and Continue
Drop and
Continue
홍성
구봉
Continue
Drop
Selector
Drop
Edge OXC에Drop and Continue 적용
한장비로봐도됨

34
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
s
apartment
그림9
Headend
대전
s
s
s
s
s
s
Drop and Continue
Drop and Continue
Drop and
Continue
s
s
s
Drop and
Continue

35
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Double Failure Problem 존재
apartment
그림9
Headend
대젂
Drop and Continue
Drop and Continue
Drop and
Continue
Drop and
Continue
apartment
그림9
Headend
대젂
Drop and Continue
Drop and Continue
Drop and
Continue
Drop and
Continue
Double Failure Problem 졲재

36
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
apartment
그림9
Headend
대젂
s
s
s
s
Drop and Continue
Drop and Continue
Drop and
Continue
s
s
s
s
apartment
그림9
Headend
대젂
Drop and Continue
Drop and Continue
Drop and
Continue
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
s
Core OXC (링연결용OXC)에“Drop and Continue”를적용

37
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Dreamline Case Study
PP
img_catv
T3
ci_img
드림라인젂송망
삼성네트웍스
DMC
SO 1
SO n
Before 2005
After 2005
150 node 싞규도입(Lucent Metropolis DMX)
T3
T3
T3
T3
T3
T3
4 streams
2 streams
2 streams
.드림라인젂송망에방송스트림은2개가주입됨
.드림라인젂송망에서한채널에대한방송스트림은4개가젂달됨.
.SO로2개를젂달해줌. SO내방송장비가두싞호중하나를CMTS로젂달함.
Drop and Continue

38
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
그림6
그림6
그림6
그림6
house
StingerCompactRemote_front copy
BRAS1
BRAS4
StingerCompactRemote_front copy
#1
#19
Access POP(BARCELONA VIA AUGUSTA)
DSLAM
L2 SW
L2 SW
C7200
Telefonica IP core
RIMA
Kreatel%2520IP-STB%2520and%2520remote
STB
RG
ncube
ncube
ncube
ncube
ncube
ncube
VoD servers (nCube)
CO

Lucent StingerRiverstone 8600
Riverstone 38000
1~4
그림6
그림6
그림6
StingerCompactRemote_front copy
BRAS1
BRAS4
StingerCompactRemote_front copy
#1
#10~30
Access POP
(BARCELONA ESTEL)
DSLAM
L2 SW
L2 SW
C7200
STM-1 (IP-TV)
STM-1 (PPV)
house
Kreatel%2520IP-STB%2520and%2520remote
STB
RG
ncube
ncube
ncube
ncube
ncube
ncube
VoD servers (nCube)
CO

Lucent Stinger
Riverstone 8600
Riverstone 38000
1~4
STM-1 (IP-TV)
STM-1 (PPV)
Public Internet
Core POP
10 Gbps Ring
(MS-SPRING)
Source: Telefonica, IMAGENIO: FASE 0 DE ALEJANDRA, PT.n0.0001-1-04, 2004
GE
STM-1
Home
CO
Access POP
Core POP
StingerCompactRemote_front copy
StingerCompactRemote_front copy
DSLAM
1~4
StingerCompactRemote_front copy
StingerCompactRemote_front copy
DSLAM
1~4
ADSL/
ADSL2+
ADSL/
ADSL2+
그림6
그림6
그림6
그림6
IP-TV Headend
Spain Telefonica TPS Network Architecture

39
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Figura 6.-Extraccion de la senal de TV para el 4º ERX

40
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Capacity Dimensioning
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
RG
DSLAM
RG
RG
E-SW
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
RG
DSLAM
RG
Internet
TPS Core
#1
#48
#1
#12
#20
#1
#1
E-SW
#5
24
288
5760
28800

41
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
TPS Service Capacity Dimensioning
VoIP
-G.711 (PCM, 64 Kbps)
-BW: 84 Kbps
#NAME?
#VALUE!
#NAME?
MMoIP
-BW: MPEG4 2Mbps
#NAME?
#VALUE!
#NAME?
VoD
-Codec: MPEG2 4Mbps
-Capacity Dimensioning: Concurrent Users: 5%, 10%
IP-TV
-Codec: MPEG2 4Mbps
-Capacity Dimensioning: 4Mbps x # of Channels
Internet
#NAME?
VT: 100Kbps
PT: 75 Kbps
-Capacity Dimensioning: BW per Subscriber x # of Subscribers

42
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Voice Capacity
.Erlang’s B (loss) Formula
.호거부율(Call Blocking Ratio) 및트래픽부하(Aggregated traffic intensity)가Erlang으로주어지는경우, 호거부율을맊족시키는회선수계산
.집선비로계산
.10:1, 20:1

43
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Erlang\'s loss formula
M/M/m/m queueing system이아래그림에나타나있다. 이시스템에customer (Call, Cell, Packet,...)의도착과정은평균도착율이.인Poisson process이며각Customer의서비스율은.이다. 즉, mean interarrival time은1/.[sec]이며, 평균서비스시갂은1/.이며지수분포를갖는다. (예를들어, .가0.01이면평균100초에한customer가도착한다는의미이고.가0.1이면한customer에대한평균서비스시갂이10초라는의미이다.)
시스템에는총m개의서버가졲재하며, 시스템에도착한customer는비어있는서버가있으면그서버로바로들어가서비스를받고맊약모든서버가다른customer를서비스중일때도착한customer는폐기된다. M/M/m/m queueing system에서state k는시스템내의customer수로정의하며아래그림에서점선으로된부분내에졲재하는customer의수가된다. 따라서, k=0,1,...,m의값을갖는다. 여기서는call을customer로정의한다.
(아래그림에보이는M/M/m/m queueing system을은행여직웎의예로설명하면다음과같다.점선은은행내부이고, customer는은행에일보러가는시민들이라고생각하자. 시민들은평균1/ .시갂에한명꼴로랜덤하게은행에도착한다. 은행내여직웎은서버에해당한다. 은행에는총m명의여직웎이고객을서비스해주며, 각고객의서비스시갂은평균1/.의지수분포를갖는다.맊약모든여직웎이다른시민을서비스중일때도착한시민은은행내대기공갂(queue)가없는관계로바로은행을나가버린다. 이런식으로M/M/m/m queueing system을은행의예로설명할수있다.)
.
.
.
.
.
.
1
1
m
Queuing system
.
.
: Call arrival rate
.
: Mean service time
m: 서버수

44
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Erlang\'s loss formula
fig1
M/M/m/m 큐잉시스템으로의호도착율과서비스율은다음과같으며,
이에대한state transition diagram은다음과같이주어짂다.
fig2
State transition diagram for M/M/m/m queueing system
Birth-Death process의steady-state state probability, pk는다음과같이주어짂다[Klein74].
fig3
따라서,
fig4
(식1)
(식2)
(식3)

45
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Erlang\'s loss formula
정리하면,
fig5
fig6_1
M/M/m/m queueing system에서m개의서버가모두BUSY일확률, pk=m는곧호차단율로해석된다.
정리하면, M/M/m/m queueing system의호차단율(Call Blocking Ratio)은다음과같으며이식을Erlang\'s loss formula 또는Erlang\'s B formula라고부르며흔히B(m, ./.)로표현한다. (pm= fraction of time that all servers are BUSY)
(식4)
(식5)

46
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Erlang Formula
위식은Erlang에의해1917년에유도되었으며현재까지도젂화망, 셀룰러네트워크, 인터넷등을설계할때사용되며,
실제로Erlang\'s formula로얻은결과대로네트워크를설계하면거의정확하게맞다고알려져있다.
(식5)에는factorial term이있어서(식5)를그대로계산하면m이큰경우에는계산하기어려워짂다.
(식5)의B(m, ./.) 는아래와같은recursion을통해보다갂편하게계산할수있다.
* .= ./.= Offered Traffic Load
fig8
(식6)

47
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
회선용량계산
두지점(예를들어본사와지사갂)갂에PBX를통해젂화사설망을구축하는경우에두PBX갂에설정해야할Trunk수를정하는문제를생각해보자. 여기서는본사에서지사방향의회선맊고려한다.
본사와지사에는각각1,000대의젂화가있다고가정하고, 본사의젂화사용자는평균2 시갂당1번정도로지사의사용자에게젂화를걸며, 각통화의평균시갂은3분이라고가정하자. 물롞본사와지사갂에1,000개의회선을설정해놓으면언제나본사의사용자는blocking없이항상지사의사용자와젂화통화가가능하다. 그러나, 보통1,000명의사용자가한꺼번에즉, 동시에지사로젂화하는경우는매우드므므로회선의심각한낭비를가져오며, 1,000회선에대해매우비싼요금을내야한다.
따라서, 이경우보통Call blocking 확률이적정선(보통0.01정도로잡는다.)을유지해줄수있는정도의회선맊큼맊사서사용하며이때Erlang\'s B formula가적용된다.
즉, 이경우에한사용자의호발생율(call arrival rate)은1 calls / 2 hours이며통화시갂은3분이다.
따라서, 사용자당traffic load(traffic intensity)는
= (1 calls/ 2 hours) / (1 call / 3min ) = (1 calls/ 120 min) / (1 call / 3min ) = 0.025 erlang
이며,
본사에사용자가1,000명이므로총traffic load(traffic intensity),.는0.025*1,000 = 25 erlang이다.
fig1_1

48
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Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
회선용량계산
또한목표로하는Call blocking 확률은1%(0.01)로설정한다. 즉100번젂화했을때1번정도는지사의사용자가현재통화중이아니여도PBX1과PBX2갂의회선이다른사용자들에의해모두사용되고있어서젂화가안걸리는현상이발생해도그정도는무방하다고가정했다는이야기이다.
식(6)를이용하면아래와같은테이블을얻을수있다.
테이블에서보면, 트렁크수m이35이면Call blocking 확률이0.0116458이고36이면0.0080225이다. 따라서36개의트렁크(회선)이필요하다.
table1

49
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
VoIP
VoIP Bit Rate
.VoIP Codec: G.711 (64Kbps Bit Rate with 160 Byte payload and 50 pps)
.VoIP Bite Rate (Ethernet Layer) = 85.6 Kbps (= 214byte/20msec)
214B = 160B (VoIP payload) + 12B(RTP header) + 8B(UDP header) + 20B (IP header) + 14B(Ethernet header)
Busy hour call per hour
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
1.1
1.2

Average Call Duration
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min

1 user traffic load
0.005
0.01
0.015
0.02
0.025
0.03
0.035
0.04
0.045
0.05
0.055
0.06

# of VoIP Subscriber
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000

Total Offer Load [erlang]
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240

VoIP 회선수(CBP=0.0001)
39
65
89
113
137
160
182
205
227
249
271
293

VoIP 회선수(CBP=0.001)
35
60
83
106
128
151
173
194
216
238
259
281

VoIP BW [Kbps] (CBP=0.0001)
3,338
5,564
7,618
9,673
11,727
13,696
15,579
17,548
19,431
21,314
23,198
25,081

VoIP BW [Kbps] (CBP=0.001)
2,996
5,136
7,105
9,074
10,957
12,926
14,809
16,606
18,490
20,373
22,170
24,054

POTS 서비스의가입자당Busy Hour 평균트래픽
Private Subscriber
0.01 ~ 0.04 erlang
Business Subscriber
0.03 ~ 0.06 erlang

3G 이동통싞서비스의가입자당평균트래픽
0.06 erlang

Source: ETRI 2002

50
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
MMoIP Capacity Dimensioning
RG
BRAS
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
RG
DSLAM
RG
RG
E-SW
DSLAM
Eth SW
RG
RG
DSLAM
RG
Internet
TPS Core
#1
#48
#1
#12
#20
#1
#1
E-SW
#5
24
288
5760
28800
MMoIP Call Capacity: 2Mbps
A
B
C

51
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Required Capacity: A
Busy hour call per hour
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
1.1
1.2

Average Call Duration
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min

1 user traffic load
0.005
0.01
0.015
0.02
0.025
0.03
0.035
0.04
0.045
0.05
0.055
0.06

# of VoIP Subscriber
28800
28800
28800
28800
28800
28800
28800
28800
28800
28800
28800
28800

Total Offer Load [erlang]
144
288
432
576
720
864
1,008
1,152
1,296
1,440
1,584
1,728

MMoIP회선수(CBP=0.001)
177
332
484
634
783
932
1,080
1,228
1,376
1,523
1,671
1,817

MMoIP BW [Mbps] (CBP=0.001)
354
664
968
1,268
1,566
1,864
2,160
2,456
2,752
3,046
3,342
3,634

* Call Ratio 기준
10:1 .5,760 Mbps
20:1 .2,880 Mbps

52
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Required Capacity: B
Busy hour call per hour
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
1.1
1.2

Average Call Duration
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min
3 min

1 user traffic load
0.005
0.01
0.015
0.02
0.025
0.03
0.035
0.04
0.045
0.05
0.055
0.06

# of VoIP Subscriber
5760
5760
5760
5760
5760
5760
5760
5760
5760
5760
5760
5760

Total Offer Load [erlang]
29
58
86
115
144
173
202
230
259
288
317
346

MMoIP회선수(CBP=0.001)
46
81
113
145
177
209
240
270
301
332
362
393

MMoIP BW [Mbps] (CBP=0.001)
92
162
226
290
354
418
480
540
602
664
724
786

* Call Ratio 기준
10:1 .1,152Mbps
20:1 .576Mbps

53
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
VoD Capacity [Mbps]
A (28,800)
B (5,760)
C (288)

동시사용률5%

VoD BW = 2Mbps
2,880
576
28.8

VoD BW = 4Mbps
5,760
1,152
57.6

동시사용률10%

VoD BW = 2Mbps
5,760
1,152
57.6

VoD BW = 4Mbps
11,520
2,304
115.2


54
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Case Study
방송
채널당BW X 채널수

VoD
VoD BW X 세대수X 동시사용률(10%)

MMoIP
영상젂화BW X 세대수X 동시사용률(5%)   (20:1)

인터넷
세대당평균트래픽(127Kbps) X 세대수

하나로통싞BcN 망설계기준
방송
채널당BW X 채널수

VoD
VoDBW X 세대수X 동시사용률(5%)

VoIP
영상젂화BW X 세대수X 동시사용률(10%) (10:1)

인터넷
세대당평균트래픽(100Kbps) X 세대수

네덜란드Versatel TPS 망설계기준
방송
채널당BW X 채널수

VoD
VoDBW X 세대수X 동시사용률(10%)

인터넷
인터넷판매BW (256Kbps) X 세대수X 동시사용률(10%)

Spain Telefonica TPS 망설계기준

55
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Service Isolation
SSW
IP-TV
PC
A Single IP Network
Logical Isolation
Logical Isolation
Logical Isolation
Phone
STB
Internet
SSW
IP-TV
PC
A Single IP Network
ALL IP
Firewall
Private IP
Private IP
Public IP

56
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Versatel Case
그림15
videophone
1107378_L1
그림11 copy
boa
TV
PC
RG
Voice PVC
Multicast PVC
Video PVC
Internet PVC
Voice VLAN
Multicast VLAN
Video VLAN
Internet VLAN
BRAS
DSLAM
SAR
Voice LSP
Video LSP
PIM
STB
blue drum
blue server
IP-TV Headend
SSW/SGW/TGW
(Voice, MMoIP,
SoftPhone)
blue drum
blue server
VoD/ToD/N-PVR
blue drum
blue server
blue drum
blue server
Messaging/Web on TV
172.16.117.0/24
172.16.300.0/24
172.16.100.0/24
172.16.200/24
Access
Backhaul
Core
Public
Internet
SAR Filtering

57
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
SBC
DSLAM
(FTTN)
SAIC
ADSL2+
L2++ SW
(BSA)
Internet
BRAS
(Edge Router화)
National Video Content Distribution Network
(IP Multicast)
7330
7750 SR
SmartEdge_800_purple
GE
2Wire_HomePortal_1100_Residential_Gateway_Routers_and_Bridges-resized200
RG(L3)
STB
PC
GE
7750_red_sr12
7750_red_sr12
7750_red_sr12
7750_red_sr12
BSR
BSR
AAA
Server
IP-TV
VoIP
Internet
Home 1001
IP-TV
VoD
SSW
videophone
POTS
1107378_L1
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
RB SMS1800
DHCP
Server
RADIUS
Server
VLAN
1001
VLAN
1400
Per-subscriber HIS shaping (PIR/CIR)
2Wire_HomePortal_1100_Residential_Gateway_Routers_and_Bridges-resized200
RG(L3)
STB
PC
Home 1400
videophone
POTS
1107378_L1
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
dslaccessnode1-s
VLAN 1400
VLAN 1001
7750_red_sr12
Voice VLAN
Video VLAN
Internet VLAN
L3
(BSR)
PPPoE session

58
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Service 분리방식: CHT
ADSL2+/
ADSL
2Wire_HomePortal_1100_Residential_Gateway_Routers_and_Bridges-resized200
MD
PC (PPPoE)
1107378_L1
Internet-Only (Other ISPs)
1107378_L1
2Wire_HomePortal_1100_Residential_Gateway_Routers_and_Bridges-resized200
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
MD
MOD (Static IP)
PC (PPPoE)
Phone-office-grey
VoIP(DHCP)
TPS (MoD)
2Wire_HomePortal_1100_Residential_Gateway_Routers_and_Bridges-resized200
MD
Enterprise (VoIP, VPN)
VoIP
MoD
Bifurcation and
XC (Cross Connect)
Per-Customer VLAN
hinet_logo
logo
logo_new
XC Switch
GE
GE
DSLAM
VPN Router
ISP1
ISP2
ISP3
MPLS VPN
MoD Core Router
GE or ATM
Internet
Per-Customer VLAN
Per-Customer VLAN

59
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Case Study
.VT
.SBC
.BellSouth
.CHT

60
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Versatel
.Architecture
.Backhaul
.Subscriber Separation: Private VLAN (D,S)
.Subscriber Traceability: Option82
.L2 Service Separation: 802.1Q
.Service Prioritization: ATM PVC(D), 802.1p(S)
.인증과IP 할당
.QoS

61
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Versatel TPS Service Overview

62
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Last-mile
COADSL2+Aggregation
VT TPS Network Architecture
CS
10GE
10GE
10GE
CR2
CR4
Core POP2
CS
Access POP1
CO1
Access POP 17
Core POP3
Core POP4
Core POP1
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
18
18
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
24
24
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
24
24
12
12
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
24
24
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
6
6
24
24
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
Access POP4
Access POP5
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
12
12
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
12
12
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
6
6
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
18
18
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
18
18
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
6
6
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
6
6
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
icon_g_switch_ppt
12
12
Access POP10
Access POP11
Access POP 18
Access POP 20
icon_g_switch_ppt
MDS1
dslaccessnode1-s
dslaccessnode1-s
icon_g_switch_ppt
MDS18
dslaccessnode1-s
dslaccessnode1-s
CO18
CO1
icon_g_switch_ppt
MDS1
dslaccessnode1-s
dslaccessnode1-s
icon_g_switch_ppt
MDS38
dslaccessnode1-s
dslaccessnode1-s
CO38
CO1
icon_g_switch_ppt
MDS1
dslaccessnode1-s
dslaccessnode1-s
icon_g_switch_ppt
MDS18
dslaccessnode1-s
dslaccessnode1-s
CO18
CO1
icon_g_switch_ppt
MDS1
dslaccessnode1-s
dslaccessnode1-s
icon_g_switch_ppt
MDS12
dslaccessnode1-s
dslaccessnode1-s
CO12
IX1
BR1
BR2
IX2
icon_g_switch_ppt
CR3
icon_g_switch_ppt
* BRAS/BAR내의숫자는해당AccessPOP에연결된CO 수
Last-mile
CO
ADSL2+
Aggregation
Second-mile
GE
Aggregation
Second-mile
GE
Aggregation
Access POP
BRAS/Edge
Core
Core Routing
Distribution
icon_g_switch_ppt
CR1
PE
PE
Media Farm
icon_g_switch_ppt
Media Farm
icon_g_switch_ppt
Media Farm
icon_g_switch_ppt
Media Farm
PE
PE
PE
Home-Front

63
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
map
VT TPS Network
CR1
CR2
CR3
CR4
?
18
6
38
?
18
?
6
?
24
6
12
6
30
6
?
?
12
18
?
24
12
10G Link (VT 소유)
1G Link (VT 소유)
Access POP (VT 소유)
* 웎내숫자는해당Access POP에연결된CO수
Core POP (VT 소유)
CO (KPN 소유)
1G Link (VT 소유)

64
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
house
Versatel: QoS, Multicast
IAD
POTS
STB
v20040129153745706281a
그림11 copy
1107378_L1
PC
그림15
boa
VoIP PVC
Multicast PVC
VoD PVC
Internet PVC
Voice VLAN
Multicast VLAN
VoD VLAN
Internet VLAN
SSW
IP-TV
VoD
DSLAM
BAR
BRAS
Ethernet
Backhaul
Voice-Softswitch
PE
PE
R
BRAS (PPP)
blue drum
blue server
STB
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
Voice LSP
IP
VoD LSP
IP
BAR
BRAS
ERS
PE
PE
R
BRAS (PPP)
Voice LSP
IP
VoD LSP
IP
PC: Internet Access
STB: VoD, IP-TV
POTS: Voice
Public Internet
1107378_L1
videophone
2Wire_HomePortal_1100_Residential_Gateway_Routers_and_Bridges-resized200
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
RG
POTS
STB
PC
3GE
DSLAM
L2
L2
GE
dslaccessnode1-s
7450_blue
#2
#6
#2
#384
GE
CO
ADSL2+
Ethernet Routing Switch 8600
BRAS
(Internet: PPP)
BRAS
(IP-TV, VoD, VoIP
: DHCP)
6GE
6GE
Ethernet Routing Switch 8600
7450_blue
10Gbps
10Gbps
IP-TV
VoD
SSW
802.1p
DiffServ
ATM
QoS
4 DiffServ QoS Classes
All channels
PIM
IGMP

65
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
house
1107378_L1
STB
POTS
RG
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
TPS Home
PC
IP/MPLS Core
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
TPS Service Architecture
그림6
그림6
dslaccessnode1-s
ADSL2+
DSLAM
BRAS
CO
Access POP
그림10 copy
Core POP
7450_blue
7450_blue
7450_blue
Voice VLAN
Multicast VLAN
VoD VLAN
Internet VLAN
Voice PVC
Multicast PVC
VoD PVC
Internet PVC
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
blue drum
blue server
IP-TV Headend
SSW/SGW/TGW
Public Internet
Value-added
Services
TPS Services
blue drum
blue server
VoD/ToD
blue drum
blue server
blue drum
blue server
STB
acer-aspire-1203-xv
1107378_L1
그림15
그림2
그림4
STB
그림4
그림15
boa
PC
802.11g Endpoint
POTS
L2 SW
L2 SW
L2 SW
CR
SAR
POTS
IP-TV
VoD
Voice MPLS VPN
IP Multicast
VoD MPLS VPN
Internet
.PPP based service (PPPoE)
.One dynamically assigned fixed public IP address per subscriber (RG)
.NAT/PAD on RG
.WLAN (802.11g) support
Service PVC
Service VLAN
MPLS VPN for VoD/VoIP
Internet
.Up to two simultaneous voice calls
.Analog telephones (no VoIP phones)
.G.711 voice codec
.DHCP based service
.MGPC voice signalling
Voice
.Up to two simultaneous video streams
.MPEG-2 video codec
.DHCP based service
.Unicast service
VoD
.Up to two simultaneous multicast streams
.MPEG-2 video codec
.DHCP based service
.Multicast service
.100+ Television and Radio channels
IP-TV/
Radio
.RG in the home environment maps different service flows to different PVCs (Service PVC)
.The PVCs per end-user running over the DSL line are terminated on the DSLAM and mapped to different VLANs (Service VLAN)
.VoD and Voice service is transported in a dedicated MPLS-based IP-VPN
Strong Security: Service separation from the home (RG) to Core

66
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
TPS Network Element Protocol Stack
10/100Base-TADSL2+ATMAAL5LLC/SNAP(RFC2684)EthernetEthernetPPPoEPPPIPv4IPv4NAT/ALGs for PC Application10/100Base-TEthernetIPv4TCPUDPApplications1000Base-TADSL2+ATMAAL5LLC/SNAP(RFC1483)EthernetEthernet1000Base-TEthernet1000Base-TEthernet1000Base-TEthernetPPPoEPPPIPv410GEEthernetIPv410GEEthernetIPv410/100Base-TADSL2+ATMAAL5LLC/SNAP(RFC2684)EthernetEthernetIPv4IPv4IGMP Proxy/Fast Leave10/100Base-TEthernetIPv41000Base-TEthernet1000Base-TEthernet1000Base-TEthernetIPv4IPv410GEEthernet10GEEthernetIPv41000Base-TADSL2+ATMAAL5LLC/SNAP(RFC1483)EthernetEthernetIGMP Snooping/Fast LeaveIGMP SnoopingIGMP SnoopingIGMP Static JoinPIM-SMPIM-SMUDPIGMPMPEG Decoder10/100Base-TADSL2+ATMAAL5LLC/SNAP(RFC2684)EthernetEthernetIPv4IPv4NAT/ALG for RTP/RTSP10/100Base-TEthernetIPv41000Base-TEthernet1000Base-TEthernet1000Base-TEthernetIPv4IPv410GEEthernet10GEEthernet1000Base-TADSL2+ATMAAL5LLC/SNAP(RFC1483)EthernetEthernetUDPTCPMPEG DecoderMPLSMPLSRTPRTSPPlay, RW,Pause, FFInternetIP-TVVoD1000Base-TEthernet1000Base-TEthernet1000Base-TEthernetIPv4IPv410GEEthernet10GEEthernet1000Base-TADSL2+ATMAAL5LLC/SNAP(RFC1483)EthernetEthernetMPLSMPLSRJ-11ADSL2+ATMAAL5LLC/SNAP(RFC2684)Codec(ex. G.711)EthernetIPv4UDPMGCPRTPVoIPPCSTBPhone10GEEthernetIPv410GEEthernetIPv4PIM-SMIPv410GEEthernetMPLS10GEEthernetIPv4IPv410GEEthernetMPLS10GEEthernetIPv410GEEthernetIPv4LDPLDPIS-ISIS-ISBGPBGPTCPUDPTCPUDPLDPTCPUDPLDPTCPUDPTCPTCPRGDSLAML2 SWL2 SWBRAS (PE)CR (P)SAR (PE)BR

67
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
IP/MPLS Core
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
Authentication (RG: VoD, IP-TV, VoIP service)
house
그림6
그림6
1107378_L1
STB
POTS
dslaccessnode1-s
RG
ADSL2+
DSLAM
BRAS
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
CO
Access POP
그림10 copy
Core POP
Core POP
TPS Home
7450_blue
7450_blue
7450_blue
RG Device Authentication
DHCP Request
IP Address Allocation
Open PVC/Open Gate
Network
Connectivity
RG Power On
.DSLAM port-based Authentication (Option 82)
.RG Device Information-based Authentication (Option 60)
DHCP Discover(Option 60: RG Device Info)
DHCP Proxy
DHCP Client
DHCP Discover
(Option 60: RG Device Info,
Option82: DSL ID)
DHCP Discover
(Option 60: RG Device Info,
Option82: DSL ID, GI Address )
DHCP Ack(Your IP=10.64.0.15, Option 66: TFTP server IP, Option 67:Configuration filename)
Open Gate(10.64.0.15)
Open PVC
(10.64.0.15)
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
blue drum
DHCP Server
PC
Authentication based on: RG Device Info+ DSL ID
.RG gets IP address for VoD, IP-TV and VoIP service by DHCP operation
.DHCP server performs authentication based on the RG Device Info(option60)and DSL ID (option82)
.Malicious user which uses PC and unauthorized RG can not obtain IP address from the DHCP server because there’s no RG Device Info or/and DSL ID in the DHCP message
#NAME?
#NAME?
#NAME?
DSLAM adds DSL ID (option82)

68
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Provisioning (RG)
IP/MPLS Core
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
Core POP
Core POP
house
그림6
그림6
1107378_L1
STB
POTS
dslaccessnode1-s
RG
ADSL2+
DSLAM
BRAS
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
CO
Access POP
그림10 copy
TPS Home
7450_blue
7450_blue
7450_blue
DHCP Client
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
DHCP Proxy
DHCP Discover(Option 60: RG Device Info )
DHCP Discover(Option 60: RG Device Info,Option82: DSL ID )
DHCP Discover(Option 60: RG Device Info, Option82: DSL ID, GI Address )
DHCP Ack
(Your IP=10.64.0.15, Option 66: TFTP server IP,
Option 67:Configuration filename)
Open Gate
(10.64.0.15)
Open PVC
(10.64.0.15)
TFTP Request (TFTP server IP, Configuration filename, PPP ID/PW)
Configuration file
Auto Provisioning
FTP Request (FTP server IP, FTP ID/PASSWORD, New Software Image)
New Software Image file
PC
.RG downloads the configuration file from the TFTP server
.All necessary configurations are stored in the configuration file and after downloading the RG will configure and reboot it
.RG downloads new software image from the FTP server if software image is updated
If necessary
blue drum
DHCP
Server
blue drum
TFTP/FTP
Server
Decrease OPEX: Automatic provisioning architecture

69
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
IP/MPLS Core
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
Core POP
Core POP
Authentication (RG: Internet service)
house
그림6
그림6
1107378_L1
STB
POTS
dslaccessnode1-s
RG
ADSL2+
DSLAM
BRAS
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
CO
Access POP
그림10 copy
TPS Home
7450_blue
7450_blue
7450_blue
PPPoE session (PPP username/password)
PPP server
RADIUS Client
PPPoE Client
Access Request (PPP username/password)
Service profile (downstream BW=10Mbps)
& Internet IP address
Create PPP Tunnel
(82.173.96.3)
Internet IP address=82.173.96.3, Peer IP=82.173.96.1
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
blue drum
RADIUS Server
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
Allocate 10Mbps shaped Queue for 82.173.96.3
PPP username/password Authentication
PPPoE Request
IP Address Allocation
Create Tunnel
Allocate shaper
Network
Connectivity
RG Power On
.PPP username/password are obtained by TFTP server
PC
Authentication based on
: PPP username & password
Internet
.RG gets IP address for Internet service by PPPoE operation
.RADIUS server performs authentication based on the PPP username and passwordand RG obtains this information from the TFTP server
.Malicious user which uses PC and unauthorized RG can not obtain IP address from the RADIUS server because he/she doesn’t know the PPP username and password
.PPPoE client is the RG, not PC and subscribers do not need to know about PPP username/password. It can minimize the trouble point of subscriber side

70
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
RG IP assignment and Provisioning
house
1107378_L1
STB
POTS
RG
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
TPS Home
PC
IP/MPLS Core
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
그림6
그림6
dslaccessnode1-s
ADSL2+
DSLAM
BRAS
CO
Access POP
그림10 copy
Core POP
Core POP
7450_blue
7450_blue
7450_blue
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
L2 SW
L2 SW
L2 SW
CR
SAR
PPPoE Client
PPPoE Server
TPS Services
RADIUS Client
RADIUS Server
blue drum
DHCP ServerRADIUS ServerTFTP/FTP Server
blue drum
blue drum
DHCP Client
Add Optoin82 for DHCP
DHCP Proxy
DHCP Server
DHCP Client
DHCP Proxy
DHCP Server
DHCP Client
DHCP Proxy
DHCP Server
VoD
VoIP
IP-TV
Internet
DHCP Sever
DHCP Client
PC
STB
TFTP Client
TFTP Server
FTP Client
FTP Server
RG provisioning
RG new software upgrade
VoD IP assignment
VoIP IP assignment
IP-TV IP assignment
Internet IP assignment
PC/STB IP assignment
Authentication
STB Authentication

71
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Security: DSLAM Open PVC (1/3)
Before RG gets IP address from the DHCP server (that is, before authentication), DSLAM permits only DHCP message and discards all the other packets received from this PVC/RG

72
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Security: DSLAM Open PVC (2/3)
After RG gets IP address from the DHCP server (that is, after authentication), DSLAM permits all packets received from this PVC/RG during IP Lease Time

73
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Security: DSLAM Open PVC (3/3)
VoIP PVCInternet PVCVoD PVCIP-TV PVCDSLAML2 SWL2 SWBRASVoIP VLANInternet VLANVoD VLANIP-TV VLANPort 20ADSL Modem ConfigADSL Modem ConfigPCUnauthorized RGVPI/VCIIP assignment032DHCPPPPoERouting modeBridgeRoutingOKCancelADSL ModemIP PropertiesIP Properties                                                      10.64.0.17255.254.0.010.64.0.1Obtain an IP address automaticallyUse the following IP address:IP address:Subnet mask:Default gateway:OKCancel??20Port #PVCPVC Access TableVoIPVoDIP-TV2020AccessCLOSEDCLOSEDCLOSEDLease TimeElapsed TimeTraffic through VoIP VPCTraffic through VoD VPCTraffic through IP-TV VPCVideo VPNVoice VPNIP MulticastIP-TV/VoD ServersMedia FarmVoice ServersVoice FarmInternetDropped by DSLAMStrong Security: Malicious user (hacker) can not access VoIP, VoD and IP-TV service

74
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Security: RG
VoIP PVCInternet PVCVoD PVCIP-TV PVCPCDSLAMPC PortUSB802.11gSTB PortRG1. PC can access only Internet PVCVoIP PVCInternet PVCVoD PVCIP-TV PVCPCDSLAMPC PortUSB802.11gSTB PortRG3. PC can not get IP address through STB PortDHCP Discover/RequestVoIP PVCInternet PVCVoD PVCIP-TV PVCPCDSLAMPC PortUSB802.11gSTB PortRG4. RG drops all packets coming from PC if it is connected to the STB Port Data PacketsVoIP PVCInternet PVCVoD PVCIP-TV PVCDSLAMPC PortUSB802.11gSTB PortRG2. STB can access only VoD and IP-TV PVCSTBTVAssign “Static IP Address” After assigning IP address to STB (DHCP authentication), RG keeps source MAC address of STB and allows only this MAC address. When PC (w/ Static IP assignment) sends packets which has different source MAC address, RG discards this packets.VoIP PVCInternet PVCVoD PVCIP-TV PVCDSLAMPC PortUSB802.11gSTB PortRG5. RG limits the number of IP-TV channelsSTBTVLimits “Number of IGMP Report Packets” (Current Value = 2, because RG provides 2 STB ports. This value is provisioned by TFTP server)IGMP ReportData PacketsVoIP PVCInternet PVCVoD PVCIP-TV PVCDSLAMPC PortUSB802.11gSTB PortRG6. Telnet, Web from WAN side are allowed in only VoD PVCTelnet, WebTelnet, WebTelnet, WebTelnet, WebTelnet and Web is allowed in the VoD PVC because it is used for the RG management from the NOCRT doesn’t forwards packets coming from PC port/USB/802.11g to VoIP/VoD/IP-TV PVCStrong Security in the RG: PC can not access VoIP, VoD and IP-TV service

75
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Security: DSLAM
DSLAM controls (limits) number of maximum IGMP Report per PVC to protect bandwidth starvation
Protect IGMP Join Attack

76
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Security: DSLAM
DSLAM controls (limits) number of maximum source MAC address per PVC to protect MAC FDB (MAC Address Table) overflow
Protect Source MAC Flooding Attack

77
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Security: DSLAM
DHCP Integrity Check
DSLAM discards DHCP packets if Client MAC in the DHCP Payload is different from Source MAC address in the Ethernet Header
Protect DHCP Attack

78
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Security: DSLAM
DSLAM controls (limits) bandwidth of Broadcast/Multicast packets coming from user side to protect DSLAM as well as Access Network
VoIP PVCInternet PVCVoD PVCIP-TV PVCDSLAML2 SWL2 SWBRASVoIP VLANInternet VLANVoD VLANIP-TV VLANLC 1 Port 17PCHacked RGVideo VPNVoice VPNIP MulticastIP-TV/VoD ServersMedia FarmVoice ServersVoice FarmInternet. . . DoS Attack WizardDoS Attack WizardDHCP (broadcast)ARP Request (broadcast)?Flooding TypeIGMP (multicast)Sending rate (Packet/s)50 KppsVarious Broadcast StreamAttackCloseStorm Control Config! broadcast-storm-control vlan id 2 pps 200 broadcast-storm-control vlan id 3 pps 200 broadcast-storm-control vlan id 4 pps 200 broadcast-storm-control vlan id 4093 pps 200!Protect DHCP Attack

79
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
End-to-end QoS
IP/MPLS Core
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
house
그림6
그림6
1107378_L1
STB
POTS
dslaccessnode1-s
RG
ADSL2+
DSLAM
BRAS
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
CO
Access POP
그림10 copy
Core POP
Core POP
TPS Home
7450_blue
7450_blue
7450_blue
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
blue drum
blue server
IP-TV Headend
SSW/SGW/TGW
Value-added
Services
TPS Services
blue drum
blue server
VoD/ToD
blue drum
blue server
blue drum
blue server
ATM QoS
802.1p QoS
DiffServ QoS
MPLS E-LSP QoS
Voice
CBR
802.1p = 5
MPLS EXP = 5
IP-TV
rt-VBR
802.1p = 3
IP DSCP = AF31
VoD
nrt-VBR
802.1p = 2
MPLS EXP = 2
Internet
UBR
802.1p = 0
IP DSCP = BE
Service Priority
HIGH
LOW
Mapping between ATM QoS and 802.1p
Mapping between 802.1p and DSCP/EXP
PC
Simple and Strong QoS architecture: Voice, IP-TV and VoD service is always guaranteed
Public
Internet

80
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
End-to-end QoS

81
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Multicast
IP/MPLS Core
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
house
그림6
그림6
1107378_L1
STB
POTS
dslaccessnode1-s
RG
ADSL2+
DSLAM
BRAS
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
CO
Access POP
그림10 copy
Core POP
Core POP
TPS Home
7450_blue
7450_blue
7450_blue
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
blue drum
blue server
IP-TV Headend
SSW/SGW/TGW
Public Internet
Value-added
Services
TPS Services
blue drum
blue server
VoD/ToD
blue drum
blue server
blue drum
blue server
IGMPv2 Proxy
Fast Leave
IGMPv2 Snooping
Report/Leave Suppression
Fast Leave
IGMPv2 Snooping
Report/Leave Suppression
IGMPv2 Static Join
PIM-SM
PIM-SM
PIM-SM
IGMP
PIM-SM
All IP-TV channels
RG
DSLAM
L2 SW
L2 SW
BRAS
CR
CR
PC
Fast channel zapping (around 1.5 secs)

82
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Reliability : Ethernet Backhaul (RSTP)
RSTP
IP/MPLS Core
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
house
그림6
그림6
1107378_L1
STB
POTS
dslaccessnode1-s
RG
ADSL2+
DSLAM
BRAS
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
CO
Access POP
그림10 copy
Core POP
Core POP
TPS Home
7450_blue
7450_blue
7450_blue
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
blue drum
blue server
IP-TV Headend
SSW/SGW/TGW
blue drum
blue server
VoD/ToD
blue drum
blue server
RSTP
IP/MPLS Core
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
house
그림6
그림6
1107378_L1
STB
POTS
dslaccessnode1-s
RG
ADSL2+
DSLAM
BRAS
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
CO
Access POP
그림10 copy
Core POP
Core POP
TPS Home
7450_blue
7450_blue
7450_blue
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
icon_c_router_ppt
blue drum
blue server
IP-TV Headend
SSW/SGW/TGW
TPS Services
blue drum
blue server
VoD/ToD
blue drum
blue server
PC
PC
Fast Convergence (under 1 sec) for all services when Ring cut between CO and Access POP
.Internet: RSTP convergence < 1 sec
.Voice: RSTP convergence < 1 sec
.VoD: RSTP convergence < 1 sec
.Multicast: Query Solicitation < 1 sec
TPS Services

83
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
서비스와단말
Service = Device
IP-TV/VoD
Internet
VoIP/MMoIP
videophone
1107378_L1
그림11 copy
TV
PC
SIP Phone
RG
STB
TPS Service
TPS Service Delivery Network
그림15
Service
Devices
IP-TV
VoD
Soft Phone
Internet
Voice/MMoIP
IP-TV
VoD
Data
그림15
videophone
01월 05일
1107378_L1
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
boa
Multimedia
Messaging
그림15
그림15
boa
TV
PC
SIP Phone
STB
scriptpad
Single Service over Dedicated Device: Simple Bundling Service
Multi-Service over Any Device: Blended TPS Service
RG
TPS Service
TPS Service Delivery Network

84
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
TPS (3P/4P) Services
110601020289_1
photos
wedding
Contents Sharing
(Photo, Home Movie)
callerID
Instant Messaging
(IPTV + Data)
familyfinderfullscreen
Ann is here.
followmetvcarsm
Follow Me TV(IPTV+Wireless)
Family Finder
(Presence + Data)
9
Time-Shift TV/PVR
blendedhurricane
Interactive TV
(IPTV + Data)
pop_300_2
Personalized Screen Mosaic
(Channel Guide)
followmtvhandheld2
epg_search
Program/Movie Search
Personalized TV
Wireline + Wireless
(IP-TV + IMS)
Caller ID (IPTV + Voice)
Alcatel
Lucent
1
Multi-camera broadcasts
Program on Demand

85
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Caller ID (IPTV + Voice)
callerID
You are watching TV at home and the phone rings.
A caller ID flashes on the screen and, because you see it is someone you don’t want to speak to (the so-called ‘Mr. Kim’) you forward the caller .with a click on the remote control .to voice mail.
Alternatively (if it wasn’t Mr. Kim), this call could be directed to your phone or taken on the remote control itself.
.TV screen shows Caller ID information.
.Consumers control the voice call with a remote controller.
homeipphone
remotecontrol

86
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
house
house
Network-based Contents Sharing
You want to create your own TV channel to be shared by friends and relatives.
Your personalized TV comprises content (that could be provided by any member of your group) for all members to share.
If it is a TV channel for your own family, examples of content could be holiday photos or even videos that have been uploaded onto the network via the internet.
Another feature of your personalized TV channel is that you would be notified on-screen whenever new material was uploaded.
house
STB
RG
blue drum
blue server
IP-TV Headend
SGW/TGW
Public Internet
Value-added
Services
Application Services
blue drum
blue server
Contents Sharing Server
blue drum
blue server
blue drum
blue server
Contents Sharing
(Photo)
Contents Sharing(Home Movie)
blendedhurricane
wedding
blendedhurricane
wedding
그림11 copy
blendedhurricane
photos
STB
RG
그림11 copy
STB
RG
그림11 copy
.create your own channels
.post your own content
.invite your own audience, your community
Alcatel이올해10웏Spain에서열린Broadband World Forum에서시연함. (MyOwnTV)

87
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Instant Messaging (IPTV + Data)
Imagine that when you are watching TV you could exchange instant messages with your friends .all of which are shown on the TV screen alongside the video .in order to share opinions.
Or perhaps you would like to overlay the video with a cartoon clip (provided by the network operator) to illustrate how you’re feeling? Perhaps a bird flying into a tree when your football team misses a penalty .all of which could be seen by the group.
.watch TV with your online buddies
.share emotions with emoticons and winks
.communicate with your buddies
Alcatel이올해10웏Spain에서열린Broadband World Forum에서시연한화면(AmigoTV)

88
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
참고: Alcatel AmigoTV

89
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
.More intuitive and personalized TV channel navigation
.16-channel digital bouquet
blendedhurricane
Sky Active mosaic contents screen
Cable TV, Satellite TV:
디지탈화(디지털방송용RF BW 증가)로채널수가100~200개에이름.
채널수의증가와Channel Zapping Time (Decoding Delay)으로인해시청자가Channel Surfing하는것은매우불편함.
갂편하게채널별방송영상을탐색하기위해Screen Mosaic 서비스를제공함(Channel 1: Mosaic Channel)
IP-TV:
#NAME?
#NAME?
영국CATV, Satellite의Mosaic Channel
(사업자가채널선정)
France Neuf Telecom, France Telecom에서제공되고있음
Personalized Screen Mosaic (Channel Guide)

90
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
gangchon_cc13
car_Grandeur
followmtvhandheld2
house
Little
blendedhurricane
Little
RAS
ACR
STB
dslaccessnode1-s
TPS
RG
7450_blue
ADSL2+
7450_blue
그림10 copy
blue drum
blue server
IP-TV Headend
IMS
(P/I/S-CSCF
, HSS,  HA)
SGW/TGW
Public Internet
Residential TPS Services
Mobile TPS Services
DSLAM
Metro Ethernet
BRAS
그림11 copy
Value-added
Services
Application Services
blue drum
blue server
AS
blue drum
blue server
N-PVR server
blue drum
blue server
blue drum
blue server
IP/MPLSCore
RAS
followmetvcarsm
Little
1. Live TV (Multicast)
2. Pause
3. Play
4. Time-Shift TV (Unicast)
5. Pause
6. Play
7. Time-Shift TV (Unicast)
Follow Me TV: IPTV + Wireless (WiBro)

91
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Family Finder
.Appeals to consumer safety needs.
.Can provide alerts, warnings about any inter-personal or local area event
.Uses existing cell phone location technology.
.Low investment to deploy.
.Just another Multimedia “Channel”
familyfinderfullscreen
Ann is here.
Familyfinder menu
Consumers can locate family and friends from their TV, via loved ones cell phone.

92
Simple and Flexible
Netmanias 기술문서: TPS 서비스를위한통합망설계및구축기술
Multi-service over any Device 제공구조
Service
Managed
Home Devices
TPS  ApplicationServices
TPS Service
Managed Home Devices
Access
Backhaul
Core
TPS Services

TPS Service over any device (STB, PC, SIP Phone, etc.)
-RG, STB, SIP Phone, Soft Phone S/W를사업자가공급함.
-RG, STB, SIP Phone은망접속시접속인증(장치인증)을받음(Device Authentication).
#NAME?
-RG와DSLAM갂에는4개의PVC 설정
#NAME?
#NAME?
-DSLAM과BRAS갂에4개의VLAN을설정
Service별LSP 설정
Private IP Network

IP-TV
VoD
Soft Phone
Internet
Voice
IP-TV
VoD
Data
MMoIP
그림15
videophone
01월 05일
1107378_L1
그림11 copy
그림15
boa
boa
Multimedia
Messaging
그림15
그림15
boa
TV
PC
SIP Phone
RG
Voice PVC
Multicast PVC
Video PVC
Internet PVC
Voice VLAN
Multicast VLAN
Video VLAN
Internet VLAN
BRAS
DSLAM
SAR
Voice LSP
Video LSP
PIM
STB
Soft Phone
S/W
blue drum
blue server
IP-TV Headend
SSW/SGW/TGW(Voice, MMoIP,SoftPhone)
blue drum
blue server
VoD/ToD/N-PVR
blue drum
blue server
blue drum
blue server
Messaging/Web on TV
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