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WiMAX E2E Architecture - A Solution Overview
January 30, 2009 | By Cisco
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Transcript
WiMAX E2E Architecture -
A Solution Overview
WiMAX E2E Architecture -
A Solution Overview
Dr. Hosein Badran, hbadran@cisco.com
Senior Consultant, MEA, WiMax Ambassador

Cisco Expo
Cairo. January 2009

Presentation_ID ⓒ 2008 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Agenda

.
WiMAX Market Overview
.
Cisco WiMAX Solution Overview
.
Cisco BTS Overview
.
Cisco ASN/CSN Overview
.
Cisco WiMAX Services
.
Q&A
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Agenda

.
WiMAX Market Overview
.
Cisco WiMAX Solution Overview
.
Cisco BTS Overview
.
Cisco ASN/CSN Overview
.
Cisco WiMAX Services
.
Q&A
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Cisco’s Mobility Vision


‘Any Play Services’

IP NGN
“Any Play” Services
Across Devices
Across Segments
Across Technologies
Enterprise Commercial Consumer
Cable/DSL
Unified
Comm
WiMAX
Digital
Video
WiFi/
FemtoCell/
MOCA..
Routing &
Switching
3G/4G
Service
Exchange
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


WHY WiMAX?

Following the same adoption curve



The Path to Volume Economics

Volume. Standard, Certification and multi vendor
interoperability drive exponential revenue
growth and reduction in system cost
. Strong Ecosystem: more than 400 members
of WiMAX Forum (>125 Service Providers)
. Large Estimated Market Size
.$7B Fixed/Stationary by 2010
.$20 . 30B Portable/Mobile by 2015
Ethernet


1980s
1990s
2000
2010


*Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.

Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Reaching Critical Mass



2.7B people covered by WiMAX spectrum licenses today,
estimated 4B as a result of ITU IMT-2000 inclusion


Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


The Real Opportunity

Country Transformation and ‘Digital Inclusion’


Broadband Penetration.2006
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
Broadband Wireless Solutions Enable ‘Digital Inclusion’
Emerging MarketsGDP Growth +5%Mexico Turkey
Brazil Colombia
South Africa
Argentina
Russia India
Philippines
China
Hong Kong
South Korea
France
UK
Singapore
USA Germany
AustraliaJapan
0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% 140%

Wireless Penetration.2006

Source: EIU, Telegeography, Point Topic, Cisco Analysis

Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


The Broadband Wireless Market


Why is WiMAX Important?


IP
Foundation
..WiMAX Leverages IP technologies
throughout; a natural fit for Cisco
..WiMAX Enhances Cisco’s existing
market-leading WiFi and WiFi mesh solutions
Unique
Solution


Broadband
Wireless
Economic
..Service Providers: Improved cost
effectiveness with significant reductions
Compelling


WiMAX (802.16e-2005)
enables a wide range of
fixed and mobile ‘any play’
services to deliver the
Connected Life experience

Proposition

in capital and operational expenditures

Faster time-to-market; no wires

Complements and extends existing

cellular / broadband offerings

..Governments: An efficient means to
enable ‘Digital Inclusion’
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Agenda

.
WiMAX Market Overview
.
Cisco WiMAX Solution Overview
.
Cisco BTS Overview
.
Cisco ASN/CSN Overview
.
Cisco WiMAX Services
.
Q&A
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Subscriber Subscriber
Cisco IP Next Generation Networks

IP Forms the Foundation for True Mobility for WiMAX


Radio Networks
Mobile Service Exchange
IP Anchor
Point
IP Service
Control
Multiservice
IP/MPLS CorePacket
Gateways
UMTS /
HSPA
CDMA
Wireless
Mesh
WiMAX
WiFi
GGSN
PDSN
ASN-GW
Wireless
LAN
Controller
SignalingNetworks
RoamingExchanges
IP Media
Partners
ITPITPITPITP
IP Transfer
Point
Content
Services
Gateway
Service
Control
Session
Border
Controller
Corporate
VPNs
Subscriber
Profiles
Policies
Billing AAA
Logging
DNS
VoIP
VoD
Broadcast
Music
Location
Services
News
Portals
Internal Services
and Operations External Services
Application
Partners
Mobile IP
Home Agent
Internet
Persistent Roaming Across Wireless

Subscriber-Differentiated IP Service Delivery

Access Networks


Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential



Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 11
Aggregation
ISP
Clients Base Station Transmission
Cisco Broadband Wireless Strategy Overview
WiMAX is one of the Access Choices & Options Available…
EoSDH
Nomadic User
SME
Indoor &
Outdoor
Residential
Indoor &
Outdoor
Portable
Microwave
(Ethernet)
SDH/SONET
PSTN
Metro Ethernet AAA DHCP DNS NMS
TDM/
ATM/
IP
Si
Multi-service Core Services OSS/BSS
RAN Edge
ASN GW
MIP HA
Si
RAN Core
PE
IP/MPLS
P
P
PE
VoD VoIP Broadcast
Subscriber L3 IP/MPLS Core Application & Services
ASN Connectivity Services Network (CSN)
PE
Internet
Si
SEF
Internet
On net services
Operator provided
services
Mobile
WiMAX Subscriber
Cellular
SEF Policy Framework
PSTN
Interworking
Backhaul and
pre-aggregation
Mesh
Nomadic User
ASN GW

WiMAX End to End Network Reference
Model

R2

R1: 802.16e (MSS-ASN)
R2: MSS . CSN
R3: ASN GW . HA
R4: Inter-ASN
R5: CSN-CSN
R6: BS -ASNGW
R8: Inter BS

.
CORE SERVICES NETWORK (CSN)
Home agent (HA) . provides the macro-mobility anchor point and supports bearer services
, if roaming/mobility is desired.
Other Network Elements such as AAA, DHCP servers and more are also in the CSN.
MSS . Mobile Subscriber Station
NAP . Network Access Provider
NSP . Network Service Provider
MSS
CSN
R3
Another
ASN
R4
ASP Network
Or Internet
V-NSP
NAP
ASN
R1
ASN
GW
BS
BS
R6
HAR8
CSN
H-NSP
R5 HA
AAA AAA
DHCP
DNS
DHCP
DNS
..ACCESS SERVICE NETWORK (ASN)
Access gateway (ASN GW) . provides the micro-mobility anchor point and supports
bearer services. Also supports the Foreign Agent.
Base station (BS) . provides the radio dependent functions and has limited IP functionality
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


ASN Profiles

.
Three ASN Profiles have been specified in WiMAX as a tool to
manage diversity in ASN node usage and implementation
-Release 1 of NWG Specifications on WiMAX supports 3 ASN


.
Profiles:
Profile A:

. Centralized ASN Model with BS and ASN GW in separate platforms
through R6 interface
. Split RRM: RRA in BS and RRC in ASN-GW
. Open interfaces for Profile A: R1, R6, R4, and R3
Profile B:

. Distributed ASN solution with the BS and ASN GW functionalities
implemented in a single platform
. Open interfaces Profile B: R4 and R3
Profile C:

. Similar to Profile A, except for RRM being non-split and located in BS.
. A big departure from the way things used to be done in the mobile radio
world.
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 14
IP / MPLS
Aggregation
Network
Access Devices Intelligent Aggregation
Aggregation
Node
Distribution
Node
Carrier Ethernet
WiMAX
Basestation
Ethernet
Access
Node
Microwave
Link
WiMAX Edge
Service
Control
ASN
Gateway
Integrated
Services
Gateway
Consumer
Services
Business
Services PE
IP MPLS
Core
Corporate
VPNs
Internet
Services and Operations
Service
Management
Billing and
Accounting
Cisco Access
Registrar
VoIP Network
Management
Cisco Network
Registrar
WiMAX End-to-End System
Profile-C: Fixed and Nomadic Wireless Access
Logical Data
Flow - Nomadic
V
V
WiMAX CPE
Premise
Routing
Premise
Routing with
Voice
WiMAX Enabled
Laptop

ASN-gw: Termination of CPE’
s


Simultaneous IP-CS and E-CS support

Group-
A
Group-B VRF-B
ASNGW
BS1
BS2
CPE(eth)
CPE(ip)
CPE(eth)
CPE(ip)
Host2
Host1
R1
R1
R1
R1
R6 Control
R6
Metro-E
IPs1
IPs1
IPs1
IPs2
IPs2
. Users are connected into groups . regardless of Eth-CS or IP-CS.
. Address Allocation: Can support a single common subnet for a large residential market
. Split Architecture for E-CS (business Customers) being developed
. Highly scalable . and works regardless of CS mode
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


WiMAX Solution

Packet Flow & QoS Model


The 802.16 Convergence Sublayer (CS) provides tunneling over the air.
Tunnels are identified by the CID (Connection Identifier)
Assignment of CIDs is performed in the BS
Plain IP packets can be forwarded over CS
802.16e
Path
Session
ASNgw
HA DHCP/DNS BS
Flows
R1 R6 R3
R5
PHY PHY
PHY PHY PHY PHY
MAC MAC
LNK LNK LNK LNK
.16eCtrl .16eCtrl
IP IP IP IP
ASNctrl ASNctrl CSNctrl CSNctrl Control
(UDP 2231/R6)
PHY PHY
PHY PHY
PHY PHY
PHY PHYMAC MAC
LNK LNK
LNK LNK
LNK LNKIP-CS IP-CS
IP IP
IP IP
IP IPIP IP
GRE
IP
GRE
IPIPIPIP-CS
Data Path
GRE
LNKPHY LNKLNK
GRE
IP IP IPMAC
PHY
Micro Mobility
LNK
IP IP
IP
IP
LNK LNK
IP
MAC
IP-CSIP-CS MIP MIPMacro Mobility
IP-CS
Data Path
(Pmip)
Flows
V-CSN
HA, AAA,
DHCP/DNS
ISP
3G
Internet
H-CSN
BRAS
ETH-CS
Data Path

PHY
PHY
PHY
PHY PHY
PHY
MAC MAC
LNK LNK
ETH
ETH-CS ETH-CS
IP IP
GRE GRE
ETHETH ETH ETH ETH
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Cisco WiMAX Solution QOS


Architecture using IP-NGN

SIP
DSL
Access Node
Distribution Node
BRAS
MPLS PE
SCE
Aggregation Node
Aggregation Node
Core Network
IP/MPLS
VoD
Content Network
TV
Aggregation Node
SiSi
SiSi
SiSi
SiSi
SiSi
Ethernet Access
Node
Aggregation NetworkMPLS, Ethernet, IP
Distribution Node
Access
L2/3 Edge
Access Node
Identity Address
Mgmt
Portal Subscriber
Database
Monitoring Policy
Definition
Billing
Policy Control Plane (Per Subscriber)
Internet
Business
Business
Corporate
Business
Corporate
Business
Corporate
Residential
STB

Consumer and Business Traffic Utilize Per-Subscriber or Per Service
QoS Model in Access, Aggregation and Core
Corporate
Traffic Class
Core /Edge/ Aggregation Access UNI
MPLS/IP Ethernet DSL, ETTX DSL WiMAX
PHB DSCP MPLS EXP 802.1P 802.1P ATM 802.16
Control Protocols
Network Management AF 48 6 (6) (6) VBR-nrt nrtPS
Residential Voice EF 46 5
5 and 7
5
or7 VBR-rt rtPS
Business Real-time EF 56 7
Residential D-Server Video
Residential TV and VoD
324AF
432AF
4 and 3 4 VBR-nrt NA
Business Critical In Contract
Business Critical Out of Contract AF 16
8
2
1 2 and 1 2
1 VBR-nrt nrtPS
Residential HSI
Business Best Effort BE 0 0 0 0 UBR Best Effort

Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


WiMAX QoS & Scheduling Schemes


Specifications & Applications…

.
Service Flows:
QoS Category Applications QoS Specifications Mechanism defined in Mobile WiMAX to
UGS
Unsolicited Grant
Service
VoIP .Maximum Sustained Rate
.Maximum Latency
.Jitter Tolerance
provide QoS
Uni-directional flow of packets associated with
rtVR Streaming Audio or .Minimum Reserved Rate certain defined QoS parameters for traffic
Real-Time Variable Rate
Service
Video .Maximum Sustained Rate
.Maximum Latency
.Traffic Priority
.
Connections:
Unidirectional logical link between BS and CPE

.Minimum Reserved Rate
ErtVR

Voice with Activity

Each connection is associated with a service

.Maximum Sustained Rate
Extended Real-Time

Detection (VoIP)

.Maximum Latency
flow delivering the necessary QoS over the

Variable Rate Service

.Jitter Tolerance
air interface

.Traffic Priority
.
Packet Classifiers:
.Minimum Reserved Rate
nrtVR

FTP

.Maximum Sustained Rate
Non-Real-Time Variable

File Transfer Protocol

Each service flow also has packet classifiers

.Traffic Priority
Rate Service

associated with it to determine criteria used

.Maximum Sustained Rate
BE

Data, Web Browsing,

by the MAC layer to associate packets into

.Traffic Priority
Best-Effort Service

etc.

service flows

.
Mobile WiMAX scheduling based on QoS
service Flows associated with each
packet
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 19
IP / MPLS
Aggregation
Network
Access Devices Intelligent Aggregation
V
V
Aggregation
Node
Distribution
Node
Carrier Ethernet
WiMAX
Basestation
Ethernet
Access
Node
Microwave
Link
WiMAX Edge
Consumer
Services
Business
Services PE
IP MPLS
Core
Mobile Edge
Corporate
VPNs
Internet
Services and Operations
Service
Management
Billing and
Accounting
Cisco Access
Registrar
VoIP Network
Management
Cisco Network
Registrar
Mobile IP
Home Agent
Integrated
Services
Gateway Service
Control
WiMAX End-to-End System
Profile-C Fixed, Nomadic, and Mobile
Service
Control
ASN
Gateway
Integrated
Services
Gateway
Logical Data
Flow -
WiMAX CPE Mobile
Premise
Routing
Premise
Routing with
Voice
WiMAX Enabled
Laptop
WiMAX Enabled
Mobile Device

Agenda

.
WiMAX Market Overview
.
Cisco WiMAX Solution Overview
.
Cisco BTS Overview
Beamforming
MIMO
.
Cisco ASN/CSN Overview
.
Cisco WiMAX Services
.
Q&A
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Broadband Wireless Access (BWX) Products


Former Navini Nomenclature

P3 or BTS-MX8

BWX 8305 Basestation


RFS8 Sector

BWX 8305
Basestation Antenna

BTS-MX2

Combiner
BWX 2305 Basestation

BWX 8326 Basestation Combiner


RFS2

BWX 2305
Basestation Antenna

External GPS Unit (EGU-3)

BWX 8303 Basestation Timing System

Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


BWX 360

Outdoor modem

BWX 350

USB modem

BWX 320


Desktop + VoIP modem


SURFER 1000

LMX
BWX 210

Desktop modem

PMX
BWX 120

PCMCIA modem

BWX 110

Desktop modem


Typical BaseStation Configuration

120-degree sectors

.
Hardware Maturity (3rd Generation)
.
Software upgradeable to 802.16e
.
5MHz, TDD
.
Configurable DL/UL duplex
.
Simplified Installation
.
EMS remote operation
.
Security
.
Software programmable radio
Specification
Value
Transmit Power
31 dBm @ antenna port
+27-+46 dBm EIRP
Operational
Temperature +0 to +50 degrees C
Mechanical
Dimensions
5.25hx19wx12.9d inches for
standard rack application
Power Supply
+24VDC, -48VDC,
110/240 AC

Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Cisco AAS Technology

Not all AAS approaches are equal…


Multipath
Interference
Switched Lobe Smart Antenna
Switched Lobe Smart AntennaSwitched Lobe Smart Antenna
(Vendor X)
(Vendor X)(Vendor X)

Cheap, but inflexible, Uses multiple
small, immobile “sub sectors”. Base
Station selects which sub sector to use
based on strongest signal received.
Suffers from limited gain.

Dynamically Phased Array/Beam
Dynamically Phased Array/BeamDynamically Phased Array/Beam
Steering (Vendor Y)
Steering (Vendor Y)Steering (Vendor Y)

Uses multiple small, immobile “sub
sectors”. Base Station selects which
sub sector to use based angle of arrival,
and steers beam. Suffers from
multipath interference.

Adaptive Antenna Array
Adaptive Antenna ArrayAdaptive Antenna Array
--
Cisco
CiscoCisco

Best performance. System

measures angle, phase and strength

of arrival from uplink sounding.

Uses results to send downlink using

all available multipaths to add

constructively at the source.

Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Cisco WiMAX RF Technical Leadership

The Only Commercially Deployed Smart Beam-Forming


Energy Dispersed in All Directions Energy Directed to the Intended User
Non Beam-Forming Smart Beam-Forming + MIMO
Inefficient Spectral Use
Less Coverage
Efficient Spectral Use
Long Range
Pioneering the Combination of Smart Beam-Forming with MIMO:

.
Requires up to 50% fewer sites than competition
.
Higher signal strength to both stationary
and mobile users
.
Yields up to 50% savings in both OpEx and CapEx
.
Enhanced indoor coverage / performance
.
Enables the use of low powered consumer
broadband devices (up to 4 times power reduction)
.
Improved roaming capabilities; fewer
dropped signals

.
Two to three times the network capacity
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Cisco RF Adaptive Beamforming


Using DSP Signal Processing…

ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco ConfidentialPresentation_ID 25
DownlinkDownlink
Beamforming:Beamforming:
“remember” the
individual “vector” paths
of each element in the Rx
direction
Uplink Beamforming:Uplink Beamforming:
Use each Tx and
combine each vector so
that resultant Signal is
boosted.

MIMO vs (Beamforming + MIMO)

Summary Animation

MIMO-only Beamforming + MIMO


Closer data packets indicatingLarger Screen dueLess MIMO-B beam overlap =Stronger green haloGreater
higher order modulation= to higher data less noise, more de-reflecting stronger coveragehigher data rates rates correlation, higher data rate signal even behind perimeter

buildings

Animation found on BWBU PLM share Cisco server (36 Megs):

\\\\Rch-filer03a\\wg-b\\bwbu_product_management_wimax\\Published\\PRESENTATIONS\\iDEMO

Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Agenda

.
Cisco WiMAX Solution Overview
.
Cisco BTS Overview
.
Cisco ASN/CSN Overview
.
Cisco WiMAX Services
.
Q&A
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 28
IP / MPLS
Aggregation
Network
Access Devices Intelligent Aggregation
V
V
Aggregation
Node
Distribution
Node
Carrier Ethernet
WiMAX
Basestation
Ethernet
Access
Node
Microwave
Link
WiMAX Edge
Consumer
Services
Business
Services PE
IP MPLS
Core
Mobile Edge
Corporate
VPNs
Internet
Services and Operations
Service
Management
Billing and
Accounting
Cisco Access
Registrar
VoIP Network
Management
Cisco Network
Registrar
Mobile IP
Home Agent
Integrated
Services
Gateway Service
Control
WiMAX End-to-End System
Carrier Ethernet based Solution
Service
Control
ASN
Gateway
Integrated
Services
Gateway
Logical Data
Flow -
WiMAX CPE Mobile
Premise
Routing
Premise
Routing with
Voice
WiMAX Enabled
Laptop
WiMAX Enabled
Mobile Device

Cisco ASN Gateway service modul
e


.
ASN-GW software will run on a service
module in the 7600 Series Router
.
Allows the system to rapidly scale byadding more service modules to meettraffic loads
.
7600 offers a variety of chassisconfigurations for different deploymentscenarios
.
A very robust and proven approach thathas been used to support a variety ofdifferent applications in the mobile space
.
A smaller “standalone”, 1RU highappliance based ASN-gw based on C7301is available for Field/Demo trials
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Cisco ASNgw Overview
..Main Features
. Authentication/Security
.QoS
. Mobility (micro)
. IP address allocation
. Initial Network Entry of a user
. Service Flow creation for a user (with
only pre-provisioned service flows)
. De-registration of a MS
. Support for unpredicted Hard Handoff
. Support for IP Convergence sublayer
(CS) only
Software
C7600 based
Service Module
..Carrier Class Features
. ASNgw Clustering using ASNgw-SLB
. Geographic Load Balancing & Scaling
. Stateful 1:1 Redundancy
. Deep Packet Inspection & Accounting
. Carrier-grade billing support using
CSG2 (pre & postpaid)
Architecture
..Carrier Class Performance
. 8 Gbps per card using IMIX packet
. 100K Subscribers, 30% active, 70% idle
. Unlimited # of sessions per Subscribers
Scaling
Cisco ASNgw Overview
..Main Features
. Authentication/Security
.QoS
. Mobility (micro)
. IP address allocation
. Initial Network Entry of a user
. Service Flow creation for a user (with
only pre-provisioned service flows)
. De-registration of a MS
. Support for unpredicted Hard Handoff
. Support for IP Convergence sublayer
(CS) only
Software
C7600 based
Service Module
..Carrier Class Features
. ASNgw Clustering using ASNgw-SLB
. Geographic Load Balancing & Scaling
. Stateful 1:1 Redundancy
. Deep Packet Inspection & Accounting
. Carrier-grade billing support using
CSG2 (pre & postpaid)
Architecture
..Carrier Class Performance
. 8 Gbps per card using IMIX packet
. 100K Subscribers, 30% active, 70% idle
. Unlimited # of sessions per Subscribers
Scaling
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Cisco Broadband Wireless Gateway


Technology

Requirements

Assure interoperability and enabling faster time to market.

Standards

Compliant with WiMAX NWG 1.1.2 Standards and Profile C, open R6

Compliance

Interoperability demonstrated with multiple Radio vendors

Stateful Redundancy Stateful intra-and inter-chassis redundancy

Co-existing Simple IP and Mobile IP, full mobility support [idle mode, paging]
Intelligent BWG Load balancing [ASN-SLB]

Extensions Enterprise and residential markets [Multi-host, NAP sharing, VPN, etc.]
Enhanced Charging and Policy enforcement [Interworking with CSG2]
Managed Voice [Lawful Intercept, RoHC, PHS]

Cisco Systems\' BWG solution can leverage the proven features of the Cisco IOS:

Power of IOS

Ex. QoS, ACL, NAT, security, VPNs, High Speed Forwarding, Redundancy.

BWG SAMI
. Scales by adding BWG Feature Modules in
the chassis. Up to 6 Modules per 7609S
. Redundancy scheme provides High Availability
. BWG Feature Module Performance*
. 500 Base Stations
. 100,000 active users
. 5Gbps of full-duplex bandwidth
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Cisco Home Agent


Technology

Requirements

Assure interoperability and enabling faster time to market.

Standards Compliance

Interwork with CDMA and WiMAX standards-based Foreign Agents

Stateful Redundancy

Stateful intra-and inter-chassis redundancy

Proxy Mobile IP
Intelligent Home-Agent Load balancing (HA-SLB)


Extensions

NAT-traversal
Home-Agent virtualization (HA VRF)


Cisco Systems\' HA solution can leverage the proven features of the Cisco IOS:


Power of IOS

Ex. QoS, ACL, NAT, security, VPNs, and integrated voice/data.

Home Agent
.
Scales by adding Home Agent Feature Modules in
the chassis. Up to 6 Modules per 7609S
.
Redundancy scheme provides High Availability
.
HA Feature Module Performance*
. 500,000 simultaneous bindings
. 16,000 tunnels
. 5Gbps of full-duplex bandwidth
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Services and Application Module for IP


The only product in the industry that is LTE Ready TODAY!

SAMI
.
10 Gbps line rate throughput (IP)
.
IOS and Linux
.
FCS Aug 07
.
6 Gbyte & 12 Gbyte memory options
.
Supports a wide variety of apps(GGSN, PDSN, CSG2, HA, ISG, ITPand eventually LTE)
.
Have shipped well over 700 modules
We developed solutions that allowed operators to stay ahead of the Internet
tidal wave…. we will do the same for the Mobile Internet
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Gbps Gbps
Based on the SAMI module

Addresses the mobile data pain point that
operators are experiencing



0

Cisco Starent ST40 Starent ST16 Acme Packet
Net-SAFE

Sources: Current Analysis, company websites, SEC filings

Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Current Analysis / Iometrix / CiscoSAMI/CSG2 performance testing

.
Third Party test validated by Current Analysis &
Iometrix . Jan 08
.
Cisco 7613 with nine Service Application Module
for IP (SAMI)
.
Spirent Avalanche 2900 test sets used to generate
traffic (4 client/server sets total)
.
Two separate tests executed
.
Basic packet switching and throughput of base
SAMI platform
.
CSG2 Layer 4 inspection throughput
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/prod/collateral/routers/ps368/CA-Iometrix-CiscoCSG2.pdf


Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Agenda

.
Cisco WiMAX Solution Overview
.
Cisco BTS Overview
.
Cisco ASN/CSN Overview
.
Cisco WiMAX Services
.
Q&A
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


WiMAX Services


Residential Services Business Services
.
Internet Access
.
Parental Control
.
Residential Voice
.
Walled Garden
.
Managed Services
.
L2 VPN
.
L3 VPN (MPLS)
.
Internet access and presence
.
Backhaul of Hotspots
Wholesale Services
.
Internet Access
.
Voice Services
Consumer Services
.
Internet Access
.
Voice Services

Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 38
ASNGW RSP720
NMS/OSS
MPLS
Bridge-domain
Internet
DHCP
Voice
(Call Control)
Logical
Representation of
Cisco 7600 at the
Distribution layer
Cisco 7600 at the
Aggregation layer
performing MPLS PE
function
EMS AAA
R3 Control
Plane
V V
Call Control
Flows to Enterprise call
manager (CCM) and to PSTN
if required. VOIP end-point.
Call bearers
Are switched in the ASNGW
R6 Control Plane
PSTN Gateway
V
Cisco CallManager
Mobile WiMAX Foundation Services
Business Voice

Mobile WiMAX Foundation Services

Business HSIA and Voice using 802.16e Ethernet-CS


.
Switched Access
.
Signaling through ASN-GW
..Bearer through Carrier-Ethernet
Agg
Access SCE
802.1Q
802.16e
BS
Access
Access
Agg
Dist
Dist
802.1Q
802.1Q
1 G 10 G
MS BS ASNGw CSN
DHCP
AAA
Data
Plane
Control
Plane
ETH
IP(u)
16e CNTL
MAC
PHY
Eth CS
MAC
PHY
ETH
IP(u)
Eth CS
MAC
PHY
ETH
IP(u)
16e CNTL
MAC
PHY
R6 CNTL
IP
LINK
PHY
R6 CNTL
IP
LINK
PHY
R3 CNTL
IP
LINK
PHY
R3 CNTL
IP
LINK
PHY
IP(u)
PHY
IP(u)
ETH
L2 Switch
BS local switching
ETH
PHY
R1


R6


R3



Small / Medium Business Services


Service Example . Site-to-Site VPNs

LAN
Switch
LAN
Switch
Demarcation Demarcation
Service Provider’s Responsibility
WiMAX Network
Managed Cisco
ISR
.
Managed router service allows remote configuration
.
SP enables Site-to-Site MPLS or IPSec VPN features in Cisco Router
.
Extend support for VPN Acceleration from SP to customer premise
through AES wide-key support in both
.
Provide Managed Site-to-Site VPN Service without truck-roll
.
Obtain new service revenue from already deployed and managed CPE
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Small / Medium Business Services


Service Example . Managed Security

Cisco ISR with
Firewall Feature Set
LAN
Switch
Service Provider’s Responsibility
WiMAX Network /
CSN
Internet
Demarcation

Demarcation

.
Service Provider enables security features on a managed router
without a truck roll
.
Basic security allows split tunneling and dynamic site-to-site
connections
.
Advanced security allows application and content filtering
.
Enables new service revenue from existing managed CPE
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


42
POS
Registers
Back Office PCs /
eLearningEmployee Portals
IP
Communications
Option:
..Add security (FW, IPS, NAC)
..Add store mobility.WLAN
..Add managed IP communications
XML applications (Product Lookup,
workforce automation…)
..Add Instore media/content dist.
..Add IP Contact Center integration
CoS
POS
Registers
Back Office PCs /
eLearningEmployee Portals
IP
Communications
Option:
..Add security (FW, IPS, NAC)
..Add store mobility.WLAN
..Add managed IP communications
XML applications (Product Lookup,
workforce automation…)
..Add Instore media/content dist.
..Add IP Contact Center integration
CoS
Mobile WiMAX Foundation Services


SMB Solution Bundles

Optimize
Retail Branch Premium
Retail Servers
Product Inventory
Mobile
Checkout
Kiosks
Growth
Retail Branch Enhanced
Retail Servers
Product Inventory
POS
Registers
IP VPN
+ CoS
Back Office PCs /
eLearningEmployee Portals
Mobile
Checkout
Kiosks
Option:
..Add security (FW, IDS, NAC)
..Add store mobility.WLAN
Foundation
Retail Branch Basic
Retail Servers
Product Inventory
POS
Registers
IP VPN
Option:
..Managed store connectivity
(upgradeable)
WiMAX
WiMAX
WiMAX
IP VPN
+ VoIP
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 43
NMS/OSS
MPLS
ASNGW RSP720
Bridge-domain
Internet
DHCP The R6 Control Plane
Handles user
authentication and
QoS/Service Flow
assignment
Logical
Representation of
Cisco 7600 at the
Distribution layer
Cisco 7600 at the
Aggregation layer
performing MPLS PE
function
EMS AAA
R3 Control
Plane
The R6 Bearer plane
Residential Services uses
both the R6 control and
bearer plane.
SEF Layer
R6 Control
Plane
Mobile WiMAX Foundation Services
Residential High-Speed Internet Access

Mobile WiMAX Foundation Service
s


Residential / Business HSIA using 802.16e IP-CS


.
Bearer-and Signaling-Paths through ASN-GW
Agg
Access ISG
802.1Q
802.16e
BS
Access
Access
Agg
Dist
Dist
802.1Q
802.1Q
1 G 10 G
MS BS
ASNGw CSN
DHCP
AAA
R1

R6

R3

IP(u) IP(u) Data Plane
Control
Plane
IP(u)
16e CNTL
16e MAC
16e PHY
16e CNTL
16e MAC
16e PHY
R6 CNTL
IP
LINK
PHY
R3 CNTL
IP
LINK
PHY
IP CS
IP(u)
IP CS
R6 CNTL
IP
LINK
PHY
R3 CNTL
IP
LINK
PHY
PHY
IP
IP(u)
GRE
LINK
PHY
IP
IP(u)
GRE
LINK PHY
IP
LINK
PHY
IP
IP(u)
LINK 16e MAC
16e PHY
16e MAC
16e PHY

Mobile WiMAX Foundation Services

Residential / Business HSIA using 802.16e Ethernet-CS


.
Routed Access via Home Router
.
Bearer-and Signaling-Paths through ASN-GW
Agg
Access SCE
802.1Q
802.16e
BS
Access
Access
Agg
Dist
Dist
802.1Q
802.1Q
1 G 10 G
MS BS
ASNGw CSN
DHCP
AAA
Data Plane
Control
Plane
IP(u)
16e CNTL
16e MAC
16e PHY
16e CNTL
16e MAC
16e PHY
R6 CNTL
IP
LINK
PHY
R3 CNTL
IP
LINK
PHY
IP(u)
LINK
PHY
Eth CS
IP(u)
Eth CS
IP(u)
R6 CNTL
IP
LINK
PHY
R3 CNTL
IP
LINK
PHY
PHY
IP(u)
GRE
IP(u)
LINK
PHY
IP
IP(u)
GRE
LINK
16e MAC
16e PHY
16e MAC
16e PHY
IP
IP
LINK
PHY
Eth Eth Eth Eth IP
R1

R6

R3


Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 46
ASNGW RSP720
NMS/OSS
MPLS
Bridge-domain
Internet
DHCP
Voice
(Call Control)
Logical
Representation of
Cisco 7600 at the
Distribution layer
Cisco 7600 at the
Aggregation layer
performing MPLS PE
function
EMS AAA
R3 Control
Plane
V V
Call Control
Flows to BTS10xxx call
control engine and PSTN if
required. POTS end-point.
Call bearers
Are switched in the
ASNGW
R6 Control
Plane
ITP
IP Transfer
Point PSTN Gateway
V
Mobile WiMAX Foundation Services
Residential Voice

Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 47
NMS/OSS
MPLS
ASNGW RSP720
Bridge-domain
Internet
DHCP SEF allows access to VoD service
(e.g. boost BW temporarily). Set-top
box (STB) allows user to select video
programming
Logical Representation of
Cisco 7600 at the
Distribution layer
Cisco 7600 at the
Aggregation layer
performing MPLS PE
function
EMS AAA
R3 Control
Plane
VoD can be delivered as streaming
content or background download
depending on BW needs.
IP MCAST reduces BW required.
SEF Layer
R6 Control
Plane
IP/TV Broadcast
Server
Mobile WiMAX Foundation Services
Residential Video-on-Demand

Agenda

.
Cisco WiMAX Solution Overview
.
Cisco BTS Overview
.
Cisco ASN/CSN Overview
.
Cisco WiMAX Services
.
Summary / Q&A
Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 49
Cisco Broadband Wireless
Cisco Offers an End-to-End Solution
.. Cisco’s Mobile WiMAX solution is a fully tested, fully integrated end-to-end
IP NGN service delivery architecture
.. Cisco Broadband Wireless enables operators to evolve from access
providers to highly-relevant experience providers
.. Cisco Broadband Wireless enables the Connected Life, expands the
Human Network

Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential 50
Cisco Broadband Wireless
Broadband Wireless Access
Cisco’s Mobile WiMAX Adaptive Beamforming consistently delivers excellent
downlink gain (12dB) and uplink sensitivity (6dB), resulting in:
..Greater coverage, range, and capacity
..Higher service bandwidth (16 / 64QAM versus QPSK)
..Excellent Non Line-of-Site (NLOS) performance and indoor penetration
..Efficient spectrum utilization (N=3 frequency reuse, low inter-cell interference)
..30 to 50% fewer cell-sites and basestations for decreased Capex / Opex
..Rapid service deployment and return on investment

Cisco Broadband Wireless

Carrier Ethernet

Cisco Carrier Ethernet solutions provide the foundation for efficient converged
IP NGNs

.
Access technology agnostic enables efficient infrastructure utilization for broad sets
of customers and services
.
Cisco offers the broadest portfolio of routing, switching, and optical Carrier Ethernet
solutions for unparalleled architectural flexibility
.
Rich QoS, security, and resiliency features deliver class-leading protection of voice,
video, and data services
Access Services
Network
Connectivity Services
Network
External
Networks
Access and service convergence using Cisco Carrier Ethernet lead
Access and service convergence using Cisco Carrier Ethernet leadAccess and service convergence using Cisco Carrier Ethernet leads to dramatic
s to dramatics to dramatic
CAPEX and OPEX reductions
CAPEX and OPEX reductionsCAPEX and OPEX reductions

Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Max Telecom’s TV Service


3-Oct-2008: Re:TV is now broadcasted
for IPTV.bg customers:

From the 3th of october 2008 Re:TV is
broadcasted in IPTV.bg networks as a free
channel to all of our partners and clients.
Re:TV is a public and journalistic project
supported by the Public Media foundation.
Its purpose is to present objective,
authentic and current information, rich
commentaries and competent analyses of
public events and processes.

View Now: http://www.retv.bg/


3 october 2008

Re:TV is now broadcasted for the IPTV.bg
customers. More information.

http://maxtelecom.tv/


Everyday

19:15
Slavi show
22:30 -23:30
7 in the morning
07:00 -09:30
Friends
22:30 -23:00
http://iptv.bg/


Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Reference Deployment . MaxTelecom,
Bulgaria


Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


Breakout Session Evaluation Form

Your session feedback is valuable


Please take the time to complete the breakoutevaluation form and hand it to the member of staff
by the door on your way out

Thank you!


Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


WiMAX 802.16 Service Flow

Model Definitions

.
Packets are associated with a service flow, which is the central
concept of the MAC protocol
.
Service flow = an unidirectional flow of packets with a particular
QoS
.
Service flow has parameters like bandwidth, latency, jitter and other
QoS-related variables
.
When data comes to MAC layer, the convergence sublayer gives it
an connection ID (CID)
.
The service flow is mapped to this ID {CID,SFID}
.
The Service Flow ID is fixed across Base-Stations. Each Base-
Station maps a SFID to a new CID.
.
Created on-demand or pre-provisioned
On-demand SF creation subject to authorization against permitted QoS
parameters

Presentation_ID ⓒ 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential
View All (819)
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