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LTE Launch and Services for the Next Decade
September 07, 2011 | By NTT DoCoMo
코멘트 (0)
6

NTT DoCoMo가 ITU-R Regional Workshop 에서 발표한 자료입니다. NTT DoCoMO  LTE 서비스를 설명하고 있습니다.

Thank you for visiting Netmanias! Please leave your comment if you have a question or suggestion.
Transcript
LTE Launch and Services for the Next Decade


Seizo ONOE

Senior Vice President R&D Strategy

NTT DOCOMO,


ITU-R Regional
Workshop on
‘IMT
for
the Next Decade’,
Bangkok, Thailand


Contents



Contents


Current Status of Mobile ServisesMobile Market Status in Japan
DOCOMO’s 3G Services



LTE ServicesOverview of LTE Service ‘Xi’
Spectrum, Deployment and Voice Strategy and Services



IMT for the Next DecadeOriginal Concept Challenges for





end


Summary


Pre-history of
LTE standardization



Contents


Current Status of Mobile ServisesMobile Market Status in Japan
DOCOMO’s 3G Services



LTE ServicesOverview of LTE Service ‘Xi’
Spectrum, Deployment and Voice Strategy and Services



IMT for the Next DecadeOriginal Concept Challenges for





end


Summary


Pre-history of
LTE standardization



Mobile Market in Japan


31.541.551.161.169.375.981.987.091.896.7102.7107.5112.2118.20.17.216.730.448.388.199.6109.1116.734.651.962.569.775.279.884.488.
791.293.296.469.902040608010012019981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011Mobile
Subscribers3G
SubscribersMobile
Internet
Access
.
The penetration .
Mobile


Reference :
Telecommunications
Carriers
Association


Subscribers (Million)


63% for e-mail,

47% for browsing

37% for gaming

in a train


Mar.


Feb.



Growth of Packet Traffic per User


Seizo


February


5


(Jun 2004)


1,000


0


2,000


3,000


4,000


5,000


Number of Packets Per Day .User


Feb

1999


Aug

1999


Feb

2000


Aug

2000


Feb

2001


Aug

2001


Feb

2002


Aug

2002


Feb

2003


Aug

2003


Feb

2004


Aug

2004


Used
2G
Packets

Per Day Per User


Used
3G
Packets

Per Day Per User


We need more and
cost-effectiveness of the network

in order to services by
reasonable


.
3G has a much .
A potential traffic.




Growth of Packet Traffic/User


Oct2003Apr2004Oct2004Apr2005Oct2005Apr2006Oct2006Apr2007Oct2007Apr2008Oct2008Apr2009
Verizon
presentation


Contents


ARPU


Trend



Growth of Packet Traffic in DOCOMO


01,0002,0003,0004,0005,0006,0007,0008,0009,00010,00011,00012,00013,00014,00015,0002003/32004/32005/32006/32007/32008/32009/32010/32011/32012/32013/3
Still picture


Others


Video


.
Data traffic has been increasing rapidly at of approx. 1.6 times over the previous year.
.
Video is the major contents in data traffic.




Contents


Current Status of Mobile ServisesMobile Market Status in Japan
DOCOMO’s 3G Services



LTE ServicesOverview of LTE Service ‘Xi’
Spectrum, Deployment and Voice Strategy and Services



IMT for the Next DecadeOriginal Concept Challenges for





end


Summary


Pre-history of
LTE standardization



DOCOMO

over


ETWS


Meteorological Office




i-
concier”


Mobile phone to serve as a “
concierge” to assist individual customer’s
daily activities


Aim to develop ultimate mobile phones like

Aladdin’s magic lamp”


Evolution from a

phone capable of
doing XX”
into

phone that will actively do XX on behalf of customers”


MCj02223650000[1]
MCj02210150000[1]
Number of subscriptions


(Million subs)


08/1209/309/0609/0909/1210/310/610/910/12
pose2-081030
(titles)


Steadfast growth


Steadfast growth


Number of content posted


020040060080008/1209/
309/609/909/1210/310/610/
910/12
800


600


400


200


0


“i-concier” subscriptions 5.80 million, increase contents


2.00


4.00


6.00


0.00


pose2-081030

Video services

BeeTV”


¥315/month (
tax included)


0.00.20.40.60.81.01.21.409/609/909/1210/310/610/910/12
動. アレが見たい、を今ここで。
Video


DOCOMO VIDEO


What you really wanted to see is now in your hands


(Million subs)



Products


Feature phones


One-Seg compatible
Video Clips compatible
Pocket U compatible
i-αppli Online compatible
i-αppli touch compatible
Chaku-Uta Full compatible
Uta-hodai compatible
Kisekae Tool compatible
Deco-mail / Deco-mail pictograms compatible
Decome Anime compatible
Voice-input mail compatible
Videophone compatible
i-concier compatible
i-Widget compatible
2in1 compatible
GPS compatible
DCMX / Osaifu-Keitai compatible
WORLD WING (3G+GSM) compatible
FOMA HIGH-SPEED (7.2Mbps) compatible
Area Mail compatible
Music&Video Channel compatible

New Trends


フォトパネル 02の..
FOMA UM02-KOの正面..
Smartphones


Embedded Modules


Photo Panel


Data Communications


08/
608/
908/
1209/
309/
609/
909/
1210/
310/
610/
910/
12
:
Usage-based billing plans


(Million subs)


0.20


0.40


0.60


0.80


1.00


1.20


1.40


:
Flat-rate
data
plans


FOMA N2502 HIGH-SPEEDの製品詳細へ
FOMA L-07Aの製品詳細へ
Card-t


FOMA L-05Aの製品詳細へ
USB-ty


Mobile Wi-FI router


モバイルWi-Fiル.タ. BF-01Bの..
MCj04316320000[1]
PC with built-in communication module


LYNX
SH-10B


新しい.像 (12)
Xperia


お便りフォトのロゴ
2009-2010 summer



Smartphones
in DOCOMO


14


Cumulative sales


/2010


/2011


(Million)


Jun.


Sep.


Dec.


Mar.


0.0


0.5


1.0


1.5


2.0


Sales of smartphones
accelerated rapidly

since last year


NQ_T-01C_正面閉_メロ.ボルド.RGBのコピ..jpg
REGZA Phone


NQ_SH-03C_Fairyviolvet_正面01CMYKのコピ..jpg
LYNX 3


新しい.像 (12)
NQ_blackberrycurve_正面02CMYKのコピ..jpg
BlackBerry Curve 9300


Optimus chat


L-04C_whitesilver_正面開_ロゴ修正のコピ..jpg
Xperia


Xperia


MEDIAS


Optimus


2010-



Growth of Packet Traffic in DOCOMO


FOMA HIGH-SPEED logo
01,0002,0003,0004,0005,0006,0007,0008,0009,00010,00011,00012,00013,00014,00015,0002003/32004/32005/32006/32007/32008/32009/32010/32011/32012/32013/3
Still picture


Others


Video


imode-3d
FeliCa
クリップボ.ド01
NQ_T-01C_正面閉_モイストブラックRGBのコピ..jpg
F:\\新1029_2010秋冬_docomo端末デ.タ\\1030端末差し替え\\1104_NQ_SH-03C_FairyBlue_正面01CMYK.png
Smartphones


pose2-081030
.
Various services, especially video services, high speed mobile access increased the .
Further traffic growth is projected due increase in smartphone sales.




Contents


Current Status of Mobile ServisesMobile Market Status in Japan
DOCOMO’s 3G Services



LTE ServicesOverview of LTE Service ‘Xi’
Spectrum, Deployment and Voice Strategy and Services



IMT for the Next DecadeOriginal Concept Challenges for





end


Summary


Pre-history of
LTE standardization



Contents


Current Status of Mobile ServisesMobile Market Status in Japan
DOCOMO’s 3G Services



LTE ServicesOverview of LTE Service ‘Xi’
Spectrum, Deployment and Voice Strategy and Services



IMT for the Next DecadeOriginal Concept Challenges for





end


Summary


Pre-history of
LTE standardization



Xi™
DOCOMO launched LTE service ‘Xi’ in December 24 2010, first in Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka areas initially with data terminals


LTE Service

Xi’
(crossy)


The brand name is written
Xi™
and read
“crossy.



Maximum Downlink


75Mbps


37.5Mbps


UE Capability

100Mbps
(Category 3)


(In case of bandwidth)


(In case


High

Speed


Large

Capacity


Low

Latency


Brand



LTE (Xi)
-
Coverage
-


Phased Area Deployment of

LTE
Service “Xi”


Tokyo, Nagoya, Osaka

at service launch


Prefectural capitals
and
similarly sized cities


Other major nationwide


within fiscal 2011


01
Phased Area Deployment


Tokyo


Osaka


Nagoya


within fiscal


15,000 in FY2012

35,000 in FY2014



LTE (Xi)
-
Terminals
-


04
Xi
Data Terminals
at launch


Xi
Wi-Fi Routers


Xi
Handset


LTE/HSPA/W-CDMA /GSM/GPRS


L-02C


On sale now
(December 24, 2010)


F-06C


USB data
terminal
for LTE


02
03
World’s first ExpressCard-type data terminal for LTE


in 2011


in late


To be launched in April


LTE/HSPA/W-CDMA /GSM/GPRS



LTE (Xi)
-
Charges
-


Monthly
charges

(tax inclusive)


9,135 yen


6,510 yen


1,000 yen


Data volume

7GB














5GB


20,667

KB


3,177

KB


0.315 yen/
KB


























Plus 2,625
yen per 2GB
for usage over 5GB


Unlimited data use at
4,935
yen
per month under “Xi Data Plan Ninen
(2years)”


Xi
Start Campaign


99.6% than per


Data-only are two-tiered with FOMA. contract, monthly charge
of 6,510 5GB of data


Xi start campaign














5,985 yen(3G)


4,935 yen


Xi
(LTE)


Xi (LTE)



Contents


Current Status of Mobile ServisesMobile Market Status in Japan
DOCOMO’s 3G Services



LTE ServicesOverview of LTE Service ‘Xi’
Spectrum, Deployment and Voice Strategy and Services



IMT for the Next DecadeOriginal Concept Challenges for





end


Summary


Pre-history of
LTE standardization



How to use spectrum for new technologies


3G


LTE


R99


frequency


R99/

HSPA


R99/

HSPA


To use different carriers for 3G and LTE


To share RF carriers between W-CDMA(R99) and HSPA(R5-)


=
3G


frequency


LTE


frequency


To share the existing band for 3G
with LTE


To use a
brand new band for LTE only


e.g. 2.1GHz Band


e.g. 2.6GHz
Band


At HSPA
launch


At LTE
launch


It is possible.

It will be needed for efficient use of existing spectrum in the future.


DOCOMO took this

at launch.


Others focus on this at this moment.


.
LTE does not require
a
brand new spectrum.
.
The existing .
Global and 2.1GHz
band is
suggested .
LTE
network .
LTE
UE implementations








DOCOMO will take this

in 2012.


.
with 2.1GHz band.


.
with 1.5GHz band.



System Deployment Scenario


2001


2010s


2015-


Ultimate

After


LTE-A


4G Spectrum(A new IMTSpectrum)


2G


LTE


3G


3G Spectrum(IMT Spectrum)


PDC


LTE/LTE-A


Spectrum Use


Efficient use of 3G spectrum for a long time


1Gbps services with broad spectrum allocation


Spectrum fragmentation is a challenge for

Europe:
2.6GHz
band, 800MHz
band, 1.8GHz band

US:
700MHz
band, AWS
band(1.7GHz/2.1GHz)

Japan:
1.5GHz
band


At the LTE launch,DOCOMO launched with 5-10MHz bandwidth 2.1GHz band.
A new spectrum,
1.5GHz
band
with 15MHz bandwidth, used
in 2012.
Others(800MHz,


The LTE spectrum be expanded to the UEs
for a long


.
We can reuse the assets of nationwide base sites such as antennas.
.
2.1GHz is favorable from global roaming point of view.
.
UEs
have
2.1GHz
RF parts.




eNodeB
Deployment Scenario with
Remote Heads


NodeB


CPRI


RRE


Antenna


Optical fiber


2.1GHz


Remote

Radio

Equipment


(Base Band Unit)


RRE launch in 2004


DOCOMO’s
Network


Typical 3G

Remote widely network.


NodeB


CPRI


RRE


Antenna


Remote

Radio

Equipment

for
LTE and UMTS


Optical fiber


2.1GHz


(Base Band Unit)


All IP Network


EPC


NodeB


CPRI/OBRI/ORI


RRE


eNodeB


Antenna


Optical fiber


2.1GHz


Common spectrum 2.1GHz band

used for LTE and UMTS


Remote

Radio

Equipment

for
LTE and UMTS


(Base Band Unit)


Commercial launch in 2009


Commercial launch


“Quite cost effective”.

http://mobilesociety.typepad.com/mobile_life/2009/02/mwc-
roundup.
html


3G


LTE


f


/OBRI/ORI



LTE Performance in Outdoor


101026_L02C-005_RUN_FTP-DL_01_DL_T-put[kbps]:TCP
= 0 bps

<5Mbps

5Mbps<

10Mbps<

15Mbps<

20Mbps<


Downlink Throughput with 5MHz
Bandwidth


Site1


Site2


Site3


Site4


Site5


500m


Uplink


Average Throughput

thorough the

6.78Mbps

Maximum

in the course

26.64Mbps

Max.

37.5Mbps




NodeB

(BBU)


CV新秦野堀西15m
コンクリ.ト柱

2GHz
.
3
キャリア

IMG_8801.


2.1GHz RRE

for LTE/3G


2.1GHz

Antenna

(2Tx,2Rx)


Reused


cover


NodeB

(BBU)


CV新秦野堀西15m
コンクリ.ト柱

2GHz
.
3
キャリア

IMG_8801.


2.1GHz RRE

for LTE/3G


2.1GHz

Antenna

(2Tx,2Rx)


Reused


eNodeB

(BBU)


Another
site


cover


LTE


3G


f



Indoor Coverage


Before LTE
launch


Indoor System


NodeB


E/O


O/
E


antennas


O/
E


O/
E


O/
E


3G


f


3G


f


NodeB


Optical fibers


LRE


NodeB


eNodeB


LRE


E/O


O/
E


O/
E


O/
E


O/
E


3G


LTE


f


3G


LTE


f


without

MIMO


After LTE
launch without MIMO


To use the system as it is


NodeB/ eNodeB


Indoor System


To use fiber wiring as it is


NodeB


eNodeB


LRE


LRE


NodeB


eNodeB


LRE


導入前


MIMO



MIMO



追い張り


After LTE
launch with MIMO


O/
E


O/
E


O/
E


O/
E


NodeB


eNodeB


LRE


E/O


3G


LTE


f


3G


LTE


f


To change the system to new
one


WDM


Polarization

Antennas


NodeB/ eNodeB


Indoor System


To use fiber wiring as it is


with

MIMO



LTE Performance in Indoor


Downlink Throughput (Average)


50m


39Mbps


46Mbps


39Mbps


41Mbps


30Mbps


34Mbps


36Mbps


23Mbps


22Mbps


23Mbps


22Mbps


20Mbps


35Mbps


50Mbps


50m


49Mbps


49Mbps


49Mbps


49Mbps


42Mbps


40Mbps


40Mbps


42Mbps


48Mbps


38Mbps


20Mbps


26Mbps


39Mbps


51Mbps


50 Mbps <

40 Mbps <

30 Mbps

20 Mbps


Downlink Throughput (Maximum)


with 10MHz Bandwidth


DOCOMO

Bldg. #Floor

in Yokosuka


details


with MIMO



Contents


Current Status of Mobile ServisesMobile Market Status in Japan
DOCOMO’s 3G Services



LTE ServicesOverview of LTE Service ‘Xi’
Spectrum, Deployment and Voice Strategy and Services



IMT for the Next DecadeOriginal Concept Challenges for





end


Summary


Pre-history of
LTE standardization


CS/
PS


IMS


LTE


CSFB


VoLTE


ATM



Network Evolution


AIPN Development Plan for Core Network


RNC


NB


MSC


RNC


GMSC


MSC


RNC


NB


NB


NB


NB


GGSN


SGSN


CS-GW


IMS


IP


ATM


ATM


IP


IP


IP


IP


IP


IP


Radio

Access

Network


Core

Network


User

Equipment


.
Integrated CS/PS
IP Network handles both of PS and CS services.
.
CS services are controlled by IMS in the core network.



2009-


NB


NB


ATM


IP


IP


IMS


CS-GW


RNC


Node B


UE


Usual
3G
protocol


L1-L3)


IMS

SIP
protocol


Integrated CS/PS
domain

IP Network


PS services


CS
services


CS
Network



Network Evolution


2010-


AIPN Development Plan for Core Network


RNC


GGSN


SGSN


CS-GW


NB


RNC


RNC


P-GW


eNB


NB


eNB


NB


NB


NB


eNB


S-GW


CS-GW


IMS


Radio

Access

Network


Core

Network


User

Equipment


NB


NB


PS services


MME


LTE


EPC


Integrated CS/PS
domain

IP Network


.
eNodeB
and EPC are introduced for LTE launch.
.
LTE provides
PS service only.




Network Evolution


.
Handset type of LTE terminals are introduced.
.
CS services are provided over
3G network by CS fallback.



2011-


AIPN Development Plan for Core Network


RNC


GGSN


SGSN


CS-GW


NB


RNC


RNC


P-GW


eNB


NB


eNB


NB


NB


NB


eNB


S-GW


CS-GW


IMS


Radio

Access

Network


Core

Network


User

Equipment


NB


NB


PS services


CS
services


CSFB


MME


LTE


EPC


Integrated CS/PS
domain

IP Network



Network Evolution


AIPN Development Plan for Core Network


RNC


GGSN


SGSN


CS-GW


NB


RNC


RNC


P-GW


eNB


NB


eNB


NB


eNB


NB


eNB


NB


eNB


CS-GW


IMS


Radio

Access

Network


Core

Network


User

Equipment


NB


NB


eNB


201X-


MME


S-GW


EPC


LTE


PS services


CS
services


Integrated CS/PS
domain

IP Network


.
CS services are provided over
LTE network by IMS based VoLTE
(Voice over LTE).




DOCOMO’s
Change and Challenge to
Achieve New Growth (Oct. 31, 2008)



Collaboration of Network and Handset


Processing, Memory,
etc. to be split optimally between network
and handset


Sb..


.....
?




History view (e-textbook)



A view of the town paper-type display of education communications



Contents


Current Status of Mobile ServisesMobile Market Status in Japan
DOCOMO’s 3G Services



LTE ServicesOverview of LTE Service ‘Xi’
Spectrum, Deployment and Voice Strategy and Services



IMT for the Next DecadeOriginal Concept Challenges for





end


Summary


Pre-history of
LTE standardization



Contents


Current Status of Mobile ServisesMobile Market Status in Japan
DOCOMO’s 3G Services



LTE ServicesOverview of LTE Service ‘Xi’
Spectrum, Deployment and Voice Strategy and Services



IMT for the Next DecadeOriginal Concept Challenges for





end


Summary


Pre-history of
LTE standardization



Super 3G (3.9G)


39


2000


2005


2010


2015


HSDPA


R99


4G


HSPA


Super 3G


3G Spectrum


4G Spectrum


High-level ObjectivesTo ensure the continuous and long- term
growth of the mobile communication industryTo maintain the competitiveness
of 3G
even in the 4G era
To provide a smooth path to 4G introduction









4G


S3G


Smooth introduction of 4G


Long-term evolution of
3G


=LTE


R99


HSDPA


HSPA


.
Providing a smooth path toward was DOCOMO’s
original motivation
for Super3G(
LTE) in 2004.



LTE


LTE-A


3GPP Specs


.
In 2008, 3GPP started study and TR 36.913 Advanced is an evolution


LTE promises a true / LTE-



LTE-
A
introduction scenario example


3G


LTE


f


All IP Network


EPC


NodeB


2.1GHz/

800MHz


3G


LTE


f


RRE


RRE


2.1GHz


eNodeB


LTE
(2.1GHz and 800MHz)


for 3G


for LTE


Base Band Unit


RF
Unit


for 3G/LTE


800MHz



LTE-
A introduction scenario example


System deployment
scenario


LTE/

LTE-A


3G


f


All IP Network


EPC


NodeB


2.1GHz/

800MHz


3G


f


RRE


RRE


2.1GHz


eNodeB


LTE-A introduction


LTE/

LTE-A


To share RF carriers between LTE and LTE-A


for 3G


for LTE


Base Band Unit


RF
Unit


for 3G/
LTE/LTE-A


RF
Unit:

To use as it is

Base Band

Software for minor


Carrier

Aggregation


800MHz


Add

a new band



LTE-
A introduction scenario example


System deployment
scenario


LTE-A


RRE


e.g.

3.5GHz


To deploy only in the high traffic areas


for capacity


LTE/

LTE-A


3G


f


All IP Network


EPC


2.1GHz/

800MHz


3G


f


RRE


RRE


2.1GHz


800MHz


LTE/

LTE-A


Base Band Unit


RF
Unit


for 3G/
LTE/LTE-A


Carrier

Aggregation


RF
Unit:

Hardware addition
for a new RF band

Base Band

Additional may be needed
depending


LTE-A
+new RF band


NodeB


eNodeB


for 3G


for LTE


LTE


LTE-A



Contents


Current Status of Mobile ServisesMobile Market Status in Japan
DOCOMO’s 3G Services



LTE ServicesOverview of LTE Service ‘Xi’
Spectrum, Deployment and Voice Strategy and Services



IMT for the Next DecadeOriginal Concept Challenges for





end


Summary


Pre-history of
LTE standardization



Mobile Traffic Forecast in Japan


Approx. 200
times


[1]


[2]


[3]


\"Working Group on Discussion of
Frequencies Needed to Realize Wireless Broadband Services“
Report


Telecommunications Council



Forecast of Mobile Data Traffic Growth


By 2015, the mobile
data traffic
footprint of a single
subscriber
could be
450 times what it was
10 years earlier in 2005.


The
growth
in
mobile
broadband
shows
no
signs
of slowing, with
an
average
two
million
new
subscriptions
being
added
daily. Up
to
50
billion
devices
are
expected
to
be
connected
by
2020.


Ericsson:
http:
/
/
www.
ericsson.
com/


Japan
social
networking
trends
show
importance
of
mobile
page
views
=
72%
(
2009)
vs.
17%
3
years
ago
of
total
page
views
of
Mixi


Morgan
Stanley:



Mobile video
has the
highest growth
rate
of any application category


Cisco VNI Mobile:


NSN: http://www.eweek.com/


….. said Mika Vehvilainen, chief technology
officer at Nokia Siemens Networks.
\"
Mobile [data] network traffic will be up 300-
fold in the next five years, in fixed it will go
up 30 to 40 times,\" he said during a keynote
presentation at Broadband World Forum
Europe in Paris.


growth of 300X to 500X over 10 years (from
2007-
2017) [3Gamericas, 2008].
A recent
Cisco study
combined actual MNO traffic
with
analysts’forecasts for mobile internet growth,
and concluded that this trend would continue
for at least the 5-
year planning horizon, with
data traffic
more than doubling each year


3gamericas: http://imcellular.org/


Ericsson: http://www.ericsson.com/


1000 times more data than voice by 2020….. , Ericsson CTO Hakan Eriksson talks
about the exponential growth in data usage ….
in 2015 there will be 30 times more data than
voice. If the trend continues to 2020 then data
usage will have grown by a factor of 1000.


Intel\'s
John
Woodget,
global
director,
telecoms
sector,
gave
more
conservative
data
growth
predictions,
however.
at
least
20
billion
connected
devices
by
2020
and
a
300-
fold
increase
in
traffic.
but
he
warned
that
even
at
that
level
of
growth
the
challenge
\"
may
be
far
greater
than
we
expect\"
.



Intel:
http:
/
/
www.
businessweek.
com/


Cisco:
http:
/
/
www.
fiercemobilecontent.
com/


Cisco
forecasts
mobile
data
traffic
to
grow
39-
fold
through
2014…
.
Cisco
Systems\'
Visual
Networking
Index
Global
Mobile
Data
Forecast.
The
anticipated
increase
translates
to
a
39-
fold
mobile
data
traffic
increase
from
2009
to
2014,
or
a
compound
annual
growth
rate
of
108
percent.


Consensus in demand 10 years


UMTS Forum:



Challenges for the Next decade


500 .
1000 times


(3G)

WCDMA

R99


HSPA


LTE

(Super3G)


LTE-A

(4G)


(2G)


800MHz


2GHz


1.7GHz


1.5GHz


3GHz-4GHz


Spectrum Efficiency (bps/Hz)


Spectrum Bandwidth (Hz)


700MHz


A New Technology


To cope with the increasing traffic demandTo improve Spectrum Efficiency
(bps/Hz/m2)(bps/Hz/cell)
×(cell/m2)



To expand Spectrum Bandwidth
(Hz)






Efficiency per cell
×Cell dencity


Total traffic=


for 2020



Direction of Evolution


Spectrum extension


Network density


Current

capacity


Required network capacity


Traffic offloading


Spectrum efficiency


-
Radio access technologies
including multi-antenna transmission
and receiver processing techniques
-
Never-ending issue facing researchers and engineers in this area



-
Efficient way to reduce per bit
-
Depends on future spectrum allocation and


-
Technical trends such as multi- layer cell
deployment
-
High priority requirement: Network architecture to cost per bit



-
Offloading strategies tuned to applications and scenarios



Direction of evolution to further enhance network capacity



Cost efficient for capacity


Emerging solutions to deal with traffic explosion



Solutions and Expected Contributions


Target = 500 . 1000x traffic by 2020 (compared to 2010)


Solutions

Percentage of contribution

Notes

Spectral efficiency

(per cell)

Radio access technology

3x LTE Rel. 10

(24x HSPA Rel. 6)

2.5x LTE Rel. 10 (10x HSPA Rel. 6)
LTE Rel. 10: 1.3x LTE Rel. 8
LTE Rel. 8: 3x HSPA Rel. 6
Total
=
3 x 1.3 x 2.5 = 10x


Number of Tx/Rx antennas

1.2x LTE Rel. 10 (2.4x HSPA Rel. 6)-
4x4
MIMO
for handset UE (
smartphone)
-
Higher-
order
MIMO
(
e.g.
12x12)
for
indoor
cells



LTE Rel. 10: 2x HSPA
Rel. 6 (4x4 MIMO)
Total
=
2 x 1.2 = 2.4x


Spectrum extension

>2x

Newly identified spectrum WRC07/16 + spectrum

Traffic offloading

1.5x

30% traffic assumed (mainly for indoor multi-mode terminals)


Network density

7 .
14x

Denser NW deployments femto/pico-

Total

~ 500 .
1000x




Evolution of Mobile Communications


Voice centric


Voice and Data


High-speed data


Super high-speed data

(100Mbps

1Gbps)


1G

Analog


2G

Digital


3G

IMT-2000


4G

IMT-Advanced


1980s


1990s


2000s


2010s


Evolution


(3.9G)

LTE


Long-Term Evolution


Xi™
2020s


DECADE


LTE-A


DemandDemand


TechnologyTechnology


SpectrumSpectrum



Summary


Current Status of Mobile ServicesIn Japan, 3G penetration rate is almost 100% and the mobile internet was widely spread from early 2000s.
Data traffic has increased by 10 times years and the increase rate becomes


LTE ServicesDOCOMO launched LTE service (crossy)
on 24 Dec. 2010.
LTE has a potential to enhance using its features of .



IMT for the Next DecadeLTE provides a for
the next decade.
Spectrum is for the next





end


Summary


Pre-history of
LTE standardization
View All (822)
4G (2) 4G Evolution (1) 5G (37) 5g (1) 802.11 (1) 802.1X (1) ALTO (1) ANDSF (1) AT&T (2) Acceleration (1) Adobe HDS (3) Akamai (6) Amazon (3) Apple HLS (4) Authentication (1) BRAS (2) BT (1) Backbone (4) Backhaul (12) BitTorrent (1) Broadcasting (3) C-RAN (13) C-RAN/Fronthaul (12) CCN (4) CDN (52) CDNi (1) COLT (1) CORD (1) CPRI (2) Cache Control (1) Caching (5) Carrier Cloud (2) Carrier Ethernet (9) Channel Zapping (4) China Mobile (1) China Telecom (1) Cloud (10) Cloudfront (1) DASH (2) DCA (1) DHCP (3) DNS (1) DSA (1) Data Center (7) Dynamic Web Acceleration (1) EDGE (1) EPC (5) Energy (1) Ericsson (5) Ethernet (8) FEO (2) Fairness (1) Fronthaul (5) GiGAtopia (1) Gigabit Internet (2) Global CDN (1) Google (5) HLS (1) HTTP (1) HTTP Adaptive Streaming (18) HTTP Progressive Download (3) HTTP Streaming (1) HetNet (1) Hot-Lining (1) Hotspot 2.0 (2) Huawei (3) ICN (4) IP (1) IP Allocation (1) IP Routing (8) IPTV (15) Intel (1) Internet (1) Interoperability (2) IoST (1) IoT (14) KT (22) LG U+ (3) LTE (70) LTE MAC (1) LTE-A (2) Licensed CDN (1) M2M (3) MEC (4) MPLS (25) MVNO (1) Market (4) Metro Ethernet (7) Microsoft (2) Migration (1) Mobile (4) Mobile Backhaul (1) Mobile Broadcasting (1) Mobile CDN (2) Mobile IP (1) Mobile IPTV (3) Mobile Video (1) Mobile Web Perormance (1) Mobility (1) Multi-Screen (7) Multicast (7) NFC (1) NFV (2) NTT Docomo (2) Netflix (6) Network Protocol (31) Network Recovery (3) OAM (6) OTT (31) Ofcom (1) Offloading (2) OpenFlow (1) Operator CDN (14) Orange (1) P2P (4) PCC (1) Page Speed (1) Private 5G (1) Programmable (1) Protocol (7) Pseudowire (1) QoS (5) Router (1) SCAN (1) SD-WAN (1) SDN (15) SDN/NFV (15) SK Telecom (22) SON (1) SaMOG (1) Samsung (2) Security (6) Service Overlay (1) Silverlight (4) Small Cell (3) Smart Cell (1) Smart Grid (2) Smart Network (2) Supper Cell (1) Telefonica (1) Telstra (1) Terms (1) Traffic (2) Traffic Engineering (1) Transcoding (3) Transparent Cache (2) Transparent Caching (14) VLAN (2) VPLS (2) VPN (9) VRF (2) Vendor Product (2) Verizon (2) Video Optimization (4) Video Pacing (1) Video Streaming (14) Virtual Private Cloud (1) Virtualization (3) White Box (1) Wholesale CDN (4) Wi-Fi (13) WiBro(WiMAX) (4) Wireless Operator (5) YouTube (4) eMBMS (4) eNB (1) 망이용대가 (1) 망중립성 (1) 스마트 노드 (1)

 

 

     
         
     

 

     
     

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